Drugs Details

Drugs Info of Campral
Drugs Details
  • Drugs Type  : Multum
  • Date : 24th Dec 2014 11:14 pm
  • Brand Name : Campral
  • Generic Name : acamprosate (Pronunciation: a KAM proe sate)
Descriptions

Campral (acamprosate calcium) is supplied in an enteric-coated tablet for oral administration. Acamprosate calcium is a synthetic compound with a chemical structure similar to that of the endogenous amino acid homotaurine, which is a structural analogue of the amino acid neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid and the amino acid neuromodulator taurine. Its chemical name is calcium acetylaminopropane sulfonate. Its chemical formula is C10H20N2O8S2Ca and molecular weight is 400.48. Its structural formula is:

CAMPRAL®  (acamprosate calcium) Structural Formula Illustration

Acamprosate calcium is a white, odorless or nearly odorless powder. It is freely soluble in water, and practically insoluble in absolute ethanol and dichloromethane.

Each Campral tablet contains acamprosate calcium 333 mg, equivalent to 300 mg of acamprosate. Inactive ingredients in Campral tablets include: crospovidone, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium silicate, sodium starch glycolate, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, talc, propylene glycol and Eudragit® L 30 D or equivalent. Sulfites were used in the synthesis of the drug substance and traces of residual sulfites may be present in the drug product.

What are the possible side effects of acamprosate (Campral)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effects such as:

  • mood or behavior changes;
  • thoughts about hurting yourself;
  • severe anxiety or depression;
  • feeling like you might pass out;
  • fast or pounding heartbeats;
  • swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath;
  • confusion, increased thirst; or
  • urinating less than usual or not at all.

Less...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Campral »

What are the precautions when taking acamprosate calcium (Campral)?

Before taking acamprosate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: severe kidney disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other kidney disease.

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

This medication...

Read All Potential Precautions of Campral »

Indications

Campral® is indicated for the maintenance of abstinence from alcohol in patients with alcohol dependence who are abstinent at treatment initiation. Treatment with Campral should be part of a comprehensive management program that includes psychosocial support.

The efficacy of Campral in promoting abstinence has not been demonstrated in subjects who have not undergone detoxification and not achieved alcohol abstinence prior to beginning Campral treatment. The efficacy of Campral in promoting abstinence from alcohol in polysubstance abusers has not been adequately assessed.

Dosage Administration

The recommended dose of Campral is two 333 mg tablets (each dose should total 666 mg) taken three times daily. A lower dose may be effective in some patients.

Although dosing may be done without regard to meals, dosing with meals was employed during clinical trials and is suggested in those patients who regularly eat three meals daily.

Treatment with Campral should be initiated as soon as possible after the period of alcohol withdrawal, when the patient has achieved abstinence, and should be maintained if the patient relapses. Campral should be used as part of a comprehensive psychosocial treatment program.

Dosage in Renal Impairment

For patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 30-50 mL/min), a starting dose of one 333 mg tablet taken three times daily is recommended. Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use In Specific Populations, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

How Supplied

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Campral 333 mg tablets are enteric-coated, white, round, biconvex tablets, identified with “333” debossed on one side.

Opaque HDPE bottles of 180 NDC #0456-3330-01

Storage and Handling

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).

Manufactured by: Merck Santé s.a.s., Subsidiary of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, 37, rue Saint-Romain, 69008 LYON FRANCE. Manufactured for: Forest Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Subsidiary of Forest Laboratories, Inc., St. Louis, MO 63045. Revised: January 2012

Side Effects

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Clinically significant serious adverse reactions associated with Campral described elsewhere in labeling include suicidality and depression and acute kidney failure [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

The adverse event data described below reflect the safety experience in over 7000 patients exposed to Campral for up to one year, including over 2000 Campral-exposed patients who participated in placebo-controlled trials.

Adverse Events Leading to Discontinuation

In placebo-controlled trials of 6 months or less, 8% of Campral-treated patients discontinued treatment due to an adverse event, as compared to 6% of patients treated with placebo. In studies longer than 6 months, the discontinuation rate due to adverse events was 7% in both the placebo-treated and the Campral-treated patients. Only diarrhea was associated with the discontinuation of more than 1% of patients (2% of Campral-treated vs. 0.7% of placebo-treated patients). Other events, including nausea, depression, and anxiety, while accounting for discontinuation in less than 1% of patients, were nevertheless more commonly cited in association with discontinuation in Campral-treated patients than in placebo-treated patients.

Common Adverse Events Reported in Controlled Trials

Common adverse events were collected spontaneously in some controlled studies and using a checklist in other studies. The overall profile of adverse events was similar using either method. Table 1 shows those events that occurred in any Campral treatment group at a rate of 3% or greater and greater than the placebo group in controlled clinical trials with spontaneously reported adverse events. The reported frequencies of adverse events represent the proportion of individuals who experienced, at least once, a treatment-emergent adverse event of the type listed, without regard to the causal relationship of the events to the drug.

Table 1: Events Occurring at a Rate of at Least 3% and Greater than Placebo in any Campral Treatment Group in Controlled Clinical Trials with Spontaneously Reported Adverse Events.

Body System/
Preferred Term
Number of Patients (%) with Events
Campral 1332 mg/day Campral 1998 mg/day1 Campral Pooled2 Placebo
Number of patients in Treatment Group 397 1539 2019 1706
Number (%) of patients with an AE 248 (62%) 910 (59%) 1231 (61%) 955 (56%)
Body as a Whole 121 (30%) 513 (33%) 685 (34%) 517 (30%)
  Accidental Injury*† 17 ( 4%) 44 ( 3%) 70 ( 3%) 52 ( 3%)
  Asthenia 29 ( 7%) 79 ( 5%) 114 ( 6%) 93 ( 5%)
  Pain 6 ( 2%) 56 ( 4%) 65 ( 3%) 55 ( 3%)
Digestive System 85 (21%) 440 (29%) 574 (28%) 344 (20%)
  Anorexia 20 ( 5%) 35 ( 2%) 57 ( 3%) 44 ( 3%)
  Diarrhea 39 (10%) 257 (17%) 329 (16%) 166 (10%)
  Flatulence 4 ( 1%) 55 ( 4%) 63 ( 3%) 28 ( 2%)
  Nausea 11 ( 3%) 69 ( 4%) 87 ( 4%) 58 ( 3%)
Nervous System 150 (38%) 417 (27%) 598 (30%) 500 (29%)
  Anxiety††** 32 ( 8%) 80 ( 5%) 118 ( 6%) 98 ( 6%)
  Depression 33 ( 8%) 63 ( 4%) 102 ( 5%) 87 ( 5%)
  Dizziness 15 ( 4%) 49 ( 3%) 67 ( 3%) 44 ( 3%)
  Dry mouth 13 ( 3%) 23 ( 1%) 36 ( 2%) 28 ( 2%)
  Insomnia 34 ( 9%) 94 ( 6%) 137 ( 7%) 121 ( 7%)
  Paresthesia 11 ( 3%) 29 ( 2%) 40 ( 2%) 34 ( 2%)
Skin and Appendages 26 ( 7%) 150 (10%) 187 ( 9%) 169 (10%)
  Pruritus 12 ( 3%) 68 ( 4%) 82 ( 4%) 58 ( 3%)
  Sweating 11 ( 3%) 27 ( 2%) 40 ( 2%) 39 ( 2%)
†*includes events coded as “fracture” by sponsor;
††**includes events coded as “nervousness” by sponsor
1 includes 258 patients treated with acamprosate calcium 2000 mg/day, using a different dosage strength and regimen.
2 includes all patients in the first two columns as well as 83 patients treated with acamprosate calcium 3000 mg/day, using a different dosage strength and regimen.
Concomitant Therapies

In clinical trials, the safety profile in subjects treated with Campral concomitantly with anxiolytics, hypnotics and sedatives (including benzodiazepines), or non-opioid analgesics was similar to that of subjects taking placebo with these concomitant medications. Patients taking Campral concomitantly with antidepressants more commonly reported both weight gain and weight loss, compared with patients taking either medication alone.

Other Events Observed During the Premarketing Evaluation of Campral

Following is a list of terms that reflect treatment-emergent adverse events reported by patients treated with Campral in 20 clinical trials (4461 patients treated with Campral, 3526 of whom received the maximum recommended dose of 1998 mg/day for up to one year in duration). This listing does not include those events already listed above; events for which a drug cause was considered remote; event terms which were so general as to be uninformative; and events reported only once which were not likely to be acutely life-threatening.

Events are further categorized by body system and listed in order of decreasing frequency according to the following definitions: frequent adverse events are those occurring in at least 1/100 patients (only those not already listed in the summary of adverse events in controlled trials appear in this listing); infrequent adverse events are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1000 patients; rare events are those occurring in fewer than 1/1000 patients.

Body as a Whole – Frequent: headache, abdominal pain, back pain, infection, flu syndrome, chest pain, chills, suicide attempt; Infrequent: fever, intentional overdose, malaise, allergic reaction, abscess, neck pain, hernia, intentional injury; Rare: ascites, face edema, photosensitivity reaction, abdomen enlarged, sudden death.

Cardiovascular System – Frequent: palpitation, syncope; Infrequent: hypotension, tachycardia, hemorrhage, angina pectoris, migraine, varicose vein, myocardial infarct, phlebitis, postural hypotension; Rare: heart failure, mesenteric arterial occlusion, cardiomyopathy, deep thrombophlebitis, shock.

Digestive System – Frequent: vomiting, dyspepsia, constipation, increased appetite; Infrequent: liver function tests abnormal, gastroenteritis, gastritis, dysphagia, eructation, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, pancreatitis, rectal hemorrhage, liver cirrhosis, esophagitis, hematemesis, nausea and vomiting, hepatitis; Rare: melena, stomach ulcer, cholecystitis, colitis, duodenal ulcer, mouth ulceration, carcinoma of liver.

Endocrine System – Rare: goiter, hypothyroidism.

Hemic and Lymphatic System – Infrequent: anemia, ecchymosis, eosinophilia, lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia; Rare: leukopenia, lymphadenopathy, monocytosis.

Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders – Frequent – peripheral edema, weight gain; Infrequent: weight loss, hyperglycemia, SGOT increased, SGPT increased, gout, thirst, hyperuricemia, diabetes mellitus, avitaminosis, bilirubinemia; Rare: alkaline phosphatase increased, creatinine increased, hyponatremia, lactic dehydrogenase increased.

Musculoskeletal System – Frequent – myalgia, arthralgia; Infrequent: leg cramps; Rare: rheumatoid arthritis, myopathy.

Nervous System – Frequent –somnolence, libido decreased, amnesia, thinking abnormal, tremor, vasodilatation, hypertension; Infrequent: convulsion, confusion, libido increased, vertigo, withdrawal syndrome, apathy, suicidal ideation, neuralgia, hostility, agitation, neurosis, abnormal dreams, hallucinations, hypesthesia; Rare: alcohol craving, psychosis, hyperkinesia, twitching, depersonalization, increased salivation, paranoid reaction, torticollis, encephalopathy, manic reaction.

Respiratory System – Frequent: rhinitis, cough increased, dyspnea, pharyngitis, bronchitis; Infrequent: asthma, epistaxis, pneumonia; Rare: laryngismus, pulmonary embolus.

Skin and Appendages – Frequent: rash; Infrequent: acne, eczema, alopecia, maculopapular rash, dry skin, urticaria, exfoliative dermatitis, vesiculobullous rash; Rare: psoriasis.

Special Senses – Frequent: abnormal vision, taste perversion; Infrequent: tinnitus, amblyopia, deafness; Rare: ophthalmitis, diplopia, photophobia.

Urogenital System – Frequent: impotence; Infrequent – metrorrhagia, urinary frequency, urinary tract infection, sexual function abnormal, urinary incontinence, vaginitis; Rare: kidney calculus, abnormal ejaculation, hematuria, menorrhagia, nocturia, polyuria, urinary urgency.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Campral. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Serious Adverse Events Observed During the Non-US Postmarketing Evaluation of Campral (acamprosate calcium)

The serious adverse event of acute kidney failure has been reported to be temporally associated with Campral treatment in at least 3 patients and is not described elsewhere in the labeling.

Read the Campral (acamprosate calcium) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Interactions

Acamprosate does not affect the pharmacokinetics of alcohol. The pharmacokinetics of acamprosate are not affected by alcohol, diazepam, or disulfiram, and clinically important interactions between naltrexone and acamprosate were not observed [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Read the Campral Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

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This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Warnings

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

Precautions

Renal Impairment

Treatment with Campral in patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 30-50 mL/min) requires a dose reduction [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CONTRAINDICATIONS, Use in Specific Populations, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Suicidality and Depression

In controlled clinical trials of Campral, adverse events of a suicidal nature (suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, completed suicides) were infrequent overall, but were more common in Campral-treated patients than in patients treated with placebo (1.4% vs. 0.5% in studies of 6 months or less; 2.4% vs. 0.8% in year-long studies). Completed suicides occurred in 3 of 2272 (0.13%) patients in the pooled acamprosate group from all controlled studies and 2 of 1962 patients (0.10%) in the placebo group. Adverse events coded as “depression” were reported at similar rates in Campral-treated and placebo-treated patients. Although many of these events occurred in the context of alcohol relapse, and the interrelationship between alcohol dependence, depression and suicidality is well-recognized and complex, no consistent pattern of relationship between the clinical course of recovery from alcoholism and the emergence of suicidality was identified. Alcohol-dependent patients, including those patients being treated with Campral, should be monitored for the development of symptoms of depression or suicidal thinking. Families and caregivers of patients being treated with Campral should be alerted to the need to monitor patients for the emergence of symptoms of depression or suicidality, and to report such symptoms to the patient's health care provider.

Alcohol Withdrawal

Use of Campral does not eliminate or diminish withdrawal symptoms.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Dietary administration of acamprosate calcium for 2 years to Sprague-Dawley rats at doses of 25, 100 and 400 mg/kg/day (up to 3 times the maximum recommended human daily (MRHD) oral dose on an AUC basis) and CD-1 mice at doses of 400, 1200 and 3600 mg/kg/day (up to 25 times the MRHD on an AUC basis) showed no evidence of increased tumor incidence.

Acamprosate calcium was negative in all genetic toxicology studies conducted. Acamprosate calcium demonstrated no evidence of genotoxicity in an in vitro bacterial reverse point mutation assay (Ames assay) or an in vitro mammalian cell gene mutation test using Chinese Hamster Lung V79 cells. No clastogenicity was observed in an in vitro chromosomal aberration assay in human lymphocytes and no chromosomal damage detected in an in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.

Acamprosate calcium had no effect on fertility after treatment for 70 days prior to mating in male rats and for 14 days prior to mating, throughout mating, gestation and lactation in female rats at doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day (approximately 4 times the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis). In mice, acamprosate calcium administered orally for 60 days prior to mating and throughout gestation in females at doses up to 2400 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis) had no effect on fertility.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

Teratogenic effects: Acamprosate calcium has been shown to be teratogenic in rats when given in doses that are approximately equal to the human dose (on a mg/m² basis) and in rabbits when given in doses that are approximately 3 times the human dose (on a mg/m² basis). Acamprosate calcium produced a dose-related increase in the number of fetuses with malformations in rats at oral doses of 300 mg/kg/day or greater (approximately equal to the maximum recommended human daily (MRHD) oral dose on a mg/m² basis). The malformations included hydronephrosis, malformed iris, retinal dysplasia, and retroesophageal subclavian artery. No findings were observed at an oral dose of 50 mg/kg/day (approximately one-fifth the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis). An increased incidence of hydronephrosis was also noted in Burgundy Tawny rabbits at oral doses of 400 mg/kg/day or greater (approximately 3 times the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis). No developmental effects were observed in New Zealand white rabbits at oral doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day (approximately 8 times the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis). The findings in animals should be considered in relation to known adverse developmental effects of ethyl alcohol, which include the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (craniofacial dysmorphism, intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, retarded psychomotor and intellectual development) and milder forms of neurological and behavioral disorders in humans. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Campral should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Nonteratogenic effects: A study conducted in pregnant mice that were administered acamprosate calcium by the oral route starting on Day 15 of gestation through the end of lactation on postnatal day 28 demonstrated an increased incidence of still-born fetuses at doses of 960 mg/kg/day or greater (approximately 2 times the MRHD oral dose on a mg/m² basis). No effects were observed at a dose of 320 mg/kg/day (approximately one-half the MRHD dose on a mg/m² basis).

Labor and Delivery

The potential for Campral to affect the duration of labor and delivery is unknown.

Nursing Mothers

In animal studies, acamprosate was excreted in the milk of lactating rats dosed orally with acamprosate calcium. The concentration of acamprosate in milk compared to blood was 1.3:1. It is not known whether acamprosate is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Campral is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

The safety and efficacy of Campral have not been established in the pediatric population.

Geriatric Use

Forty-one of the 4234 patients in double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trials of Campral were 65 years of age or older, while none were 75 years of age or over. There were too few patients in the ≥ 65 age group to evaluate any differences in safety or effectiveness for geriatric patients compared to younger patients.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, ADVERSE REACTIONS, and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Renal Impairment

Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

OverDose

In all reported cases of acute overdosage with Campral (total reported doses of up to 56 grams of acamprosate calcium), the only symptom that could be reasonably associated with Campral was diarrhea. Hypercalcemia has not been reported in cases of acute overdose. A risk of hypercalcemia should be considered in chronic overdosage only. Treatment of overdose should be symptomatic and supportive.

ContrainDications

Hypersensitivity to Acamprosate Calcium

Campral is contraindicated in patients who previously have exhibited hypersensitivity to acamprosate calcium or any of its components.

Severe Renal Impairment

Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION), WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use in Specific Populations, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Clinical Pharamacology

Mechanism of Action

The mechanism of action of acamprosate in maintenance of alcohol abstinence is not completely understood. Chronic alcohol exposure is hypothesized to alter the normal balance between neuronal excitation and inhibition. In vitro and in vivo studies in animals have provided evidence to suggest acamprosate may interact with glutamate and GABA neurotransmitter systems centrally, and has led to the hypothesis that acamprosate restores this balance.

Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacodynamic studies have shown that acamprosate calcium reduces alcohol intake in alcohol-dependent animals in a dosedependent manner and that this effect appears to be specific to alcohol and the mechanisms of alcohol dependence.

Acamprosate calcium has negligible observable central nervous system (CNS) activity in animals outside of its effects on alcohol dependence, exhibiting no anticonvulsant, antidepressant, or anxiolytic activity.

The administration of acamprosate calcium is not associated with the development of tolerance or dependence in animal studies. Campral did not produce any evidence of withdrawal symptoms in patients in clinical trials at therapeutic doses. Post marketing data, collected retrospectively outside the U.S. have provided no evidence of Campral abuse or dependence.

Campral is not known to cause alcohol aversion and does not cause a disulfiram-like reaction as a result of ethanol ingestion.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

The absolute bioavailability of Campral after oral administration is about 11%. Steady-state plasma concentrations of acamprosate are reached within 5 days of dosing. Steady-state peak plasma concentrations after Campral doses of 2 x 333 mg tablets three times daily average 350 ng/mL and occur at 3-8 hours post-dose. Coadministration of Campral with food decreases bioavailability as measured by Cmax and AUC, by approximately 42% and 23%, respectively. The food effect on absorption is not clinically significant and no adjustment of dose is necessary.

Distribution

The volume of distribution for acamprosate following intravenous administration is estimated to be 72-109 liters (approximately 1 L/kg). Plasma protein binding of acamprosate is negligible.

Metabolism

Acamprosate does not undergo metabolism.

Elimination

After oral dosing of 2 x 333 mg of Campral, the terminal half-life ranges from approximately 20-33 hours. Following oral administration of Campral, the major route of excretion is via the kidneys as acamprosate.

Special Populations

Gender: Campral does not exhibit any significant pharmacokinetic differences between male and female subjects.

Age: The pharmacokinetics of Campral have not been evaluated in a geriatric population. However, since renal function diminishes in elderly patients and acamprosate is excreted unchanged in urine, acamprosate plasma concentrations are likely to be higher in the elderly population compared to younger adults.

Pediatrics: The pharmacokinetics of Campral have not been evaluated in a pediatric population.

Renal Impairment: Peak plasma concentrations after administration of a single dose of 2 x 333 mg Campral tablets to patients with moderate or severe renal impairment were about 2-fold and 4-fold higher, respectively, compared to healthy subjects. Similarly, elimination half-life was about 1.8-fold and 2.6-fold longer, respectively, compared to healthy subjects. There is a linear relationship between creatinine clearance values and total apparent plasma clearance, renal clearance and plasma half-life of acamprosate. A dose of 1 x 333 mg Campral, three times daily, is recommended in patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 30-50 mL/min, [see Use in Specific Populations].

Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, and Use In Specific Populations].

Hepatic Impairment: Acamprosate is not metabolized by the liver and the pharmacokinetics of Campral are not altered in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment (groups A and B of the Child-Pugh classification). No adjustment of dosage is recommended in such patients.

Alcohol-dependent subjects: A cross-study comparison of Campral at doses of 2 x 333 mg three times daily indicated similar pharmacokinetics between alcohol-dependent subjects and healthy subjects.

Drug-Drug Interactions

Acamprosate had no inducing potential on the cytochrome CYP1A2 and 3A4 systems, and in vitro inhibition studies suggest that acamprosate does not inhibit in vivo metabolism mediated by cytochrome CYP1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, or 3A4. The pharmacokinetics of Campral were unaffected when co-administered with alcohol, disulfiram or diazepam. Similarly, the pharmacokinetics of ethanol, diazepam and nordiazepam, imipramine and desipramine, naltrexone and 6-beta naltrexol were unaffected following co-administration with Campral. However, co-administration of Campral with naltrexone led to a 33% increase in the Cmax and a 25% increase in the AUC of acamprosate. No adjustment of dosage is recommended in such patients.

Clinical Studies

The efficacy of Campral in the maintenance of abstinence was supported by three clinical studies involving a total of 998 patients who were administered at least one dose of Campral or placebo as an adjunct to psychosocial therapy. Each study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in alcohol-dependent patients who had undergone inpatient detoxification and were abstinent from alcohol on the day of randomization. Study durations ranged from 90 days to 360 days. Campral proved superior to placebo in maintaining abstinence, as indicated by a greater percentage of subjects being assessed as continuously abstinent throughout treatment.

In a fourth study, the efficacy of Campral was evaluated in alcoholics, including patients with a history of polysubstance abuse and patients who had not undergone detoxification and were not required to be abstinent at baseline. This study failed to demonstrate superiority of Campral over placebo.

Patient Information

Physicians are advised to discuss the following issues with patients for whom they prescribe Campral.

Renal Impairment

A lower dose is recommended for patients with moderate renal impairment. Campral is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of ≤ 30 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use in Specific Populations].

Suicidality and Depression

Families and caregivers of patients being treated with Campral should be alerted to the need to monitor patients for the emergence of symptoms of depression or suicidality, and to report such symptoms to the patient's health care provider [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Alcohol Withdrawal

Use of Campral does not eliminate or diminish withdrawal symptoms [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
  • Advise patients to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy.
  • Advise patients to notify their physician if they are breast-feeding.
Relapse to Drinking
  • Advise patients to continue Campral therapy as directed, even in the event of relapse and remind them to discuss any renewed drinking with their physicians.
  • Advise patients that Campral has been shown to help maintain abstinence only when used as a part of a treatment program that includes counseling and support.

Consumer Overview Uses

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

 

ACAMPROSATE CALCIUM DELAYED-RELEASE - ORAL

 

(a-KAM-proe-sate KAL-see-um)

 

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Campral

 

USES: This medication is used to help alcohol-dependent patients keep from drinking alcohol. It should be used as part of a complete treatment program that includes both counseling and psychological support. Acamprosate is believed to work by restoring the natural balance of chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters).

Before beginning this medication, you should no longer be drinking alcohol. Acamprosate has not been shown to be effective if you are still drinking when you start taking it.

 

HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually three times a day. Swallow the tablets whole. Do not crush or chew the tablets.

Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.

If you begin drinking alcohol again, continue taking this medication but inform your doctor.

Consumer Overview Side Effect

SIDE EFFECTS: Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gas, stomach pain, loss of appetite, headache, drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, fatigue, weight gain/loss, muscle/joint pain, change in sexual desire or decreased sexual ability may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes (including severe depression, thoughts of suicide), fainting, fast or pounding heartbeat, vision or hearing changes, increased thirst.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: change in the amount of urine, seizures, persistent stomach pain, black/tarry stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

 

Read the Campral (acamprosate calcium) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking acamprosate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: severe kidney disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other kidney disease.

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Remember that drinking large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy can cause long-lasting problems in your baby, such as birth defects, growth retardation, and learning disabilities. This set of problems is often called fetal alcohol syndrome.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Consumer Overview Missed Dose

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your healthcare professionals (e.g., doctor or pharmacist) may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use.

Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.

 

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include persistent diarrhea.

 

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

Laboratory tests (e.g., kidney function tests) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details. Also, keep all medical appointments and attend all of your counseling and support group meetings.

 

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

 

STORAGE: Store at room temperature at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Brief storage between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) is permitted. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

 

Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.

Patient Detailed Side Effect

Brand Names: Campral

Generic Name: acamprosate (Pronunciation: a KAM proe sate)

  • What is acamprosate (Campral)?
  • What are the possible side effects of acamprosate (Campral)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about acamprosate (Campral)?
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking acamprosate (Campral)?
  • How should I take acamprosate (Campral)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Campral)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Campral)?
  • What should I avoid while taking acamprosate (Campral)?
  • What other drugs will affect acamprosate (Campral)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is acamprosate (Campral)?

Acamprosate affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced in a person who is addicted to alcohol. Acamprosate works by restoring this chemical balance in the brain in an alcohol-dependent person who has recently quit drinking.

Acamprosate is used to help a person who has recently quit drinking alcohol continue to choose not to drink (remain abstinent from alcohol). It is used together with behavior modification and counseling support to help you stop drinking.

Acamprosate is not likely to be helpful to a person who has not already quit drinking or undergone detoxification. It may not be helpful to a person who is also addicted to other substances besides alcohol.

Acamprosate may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Campral 333 mg

round, white, imprinted with 333

What are the possible side effects of acamprosate (Campral)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effects such as:

  • mood or behavior changes;
  • thoughts about hurting yourself;
  • severe anxiety or depression;
  • feeling like you might pass out;
  • fast or pounding heartbeats;
  • swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath;
  • confusion, increased thirst; or
  • urinating less than usual or not at all.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite;
  • constipation, diarrhea;
  • headache, dizziness, drowsiness;
  • vision problems;
  • problems with memory or thinking;
  • weakness, cold or flu-like symptoms;
  • back pain, joint or muscle pain;
  • dry mouth, decreased or distorted sense of taste;
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • impotence, loss of interest in sex;
  • sweating, mild skin rash; or
  • numbness or tingly feeling.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Campral (acamprosate calcium) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

What is the most important information I should know about acamprosate (Campral)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to acamprosate, or if you have severe kidney disease.

Acamprosate will not treat or prevent alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Before you take acamprosate, tell your doctor if you have any type of kidney problem. You may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication.

You may have thoughts about suicide while you are taking acamprosate. Tell your doctor if you feel depressed or have any suicidal thoughts or actions during treatment.

Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or behavior. Make sure your caregivers know how to contact your doctor in case you have mood changes or suicidal thoughts or actions.

Acamprosate can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Take this medication for the full prescribed length of time, even if you relapse and drink alcohol. While you are taking acamprosate, tell your doctor about any alcoholic drinks you consume, no matter how many.

Patient Detailed How Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking acamprosate (Campral)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to acamprosate, or if you have severe kidney disease.

Acamprosate will not treat or prevent alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Before you take acamprosate, tell your doctor if you have any type of kidney problem. You may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether acamprosate is harmful to an unborn baby. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether acamprosate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

You may have thoughts about suicide while you are taking acamprosate. Tell your doctor if you feel depressed or have any suicidal thoughts or actions during treatment.

Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or behavior. Make sure your caregivers know how to contact your doctor in case you have mood changes or suicidal thoughts or actions.

How should I take acamprosate (Campral)?

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Acamprosate treatment should be started as soon as possible after you have quit drinking.

Take this medicine with water.

Acamprosate is usually taken 3 times daily, and may be taken with or without food. If you regularly eat 3 meals per day, it may help you remember to take your acamprosate if you take a dose with each meal. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Acamprosate is only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes counseling support and continued abstinence from alcohol.

Take this medication for the full prescribed length of time, even if you relapse and drink alcohol. While you are taking acamprosate, tell your doctor about any alcoholic drinks you consume, no matter how many.

It is important to use acamprosate regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Store acamprosate at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Patient Detailed Avoid Taking

What happens if I miss a dose (Campral)?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Campral)?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose can cause diarrhea but is not expected to produce serious side effects.

What should I avoid while taking acamprosate (Campral)?

Acamprosate can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

What other drugs will affect acamprosate (Campral)?

There may be other drugs that can interact with acamprosate. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about acamprosate.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 3.03. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

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