Drugs Details

Drugs Info of ORAVIG
Drugs Details
  • Drugs Type  : FDA
  • Date : 27th Feb 2015 12:57 am
  • Brand Name : ORAVIG
  • Generic Name : miconazole oral (buccal) (Pronunciation: mye KON a zole (BUK al))
Descriptions

ORAVIG (miconazole) buccal tablets are applied topically to the gum once daily and release miconazole as the buccal tablet gradually dissolves [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Miconazole is an imidazole antifungal agent and is described chemically as 1-[(2RS)-2[(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy]-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole with an empiricalformula of C18H14CI4N2O and a molecular weight of 416.13. The structural formula is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Structural Formula of Miconazole

ORAVIG (miconazole)  Structural Formula Illustration

Miconazole drug substance is a white to almost white powder.

ORAVIG contains 50 mg of miconazole base, USP and the following inactive ingredients:hypromellose, USP; milk protein concentrate; corn starch, NF; lactose monohydrate, NF; sodium lauryl sulfate, NF; magnesium stearate, NF; and talc, USP.

What are the possible side effects of miconazole buccal (ORAVIG)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • severe burning or pain in your mouth;
  • new sores in your mouth or on your tongue;
  • tooth problems;
  • pain or swelling in your gums; or
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • decreased sense of...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Oravig »

What are the precautions when taking miconazole buccal tablets (Oravig)?

Before using miconazole buccal tablets, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to miconazole; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as milk protein concentrate), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk....

Read All Potential Precautions of Oravig »


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Indications

ORAVIG is indicated for the local treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) in adults.

Dosage Administration

Basic Dosing Information

The recommended dosing schedule for ORAVIG is the application of one 50 mg buccalablet to the upper gum region (canine fossa) once daily for 14 consecutive days.

Administration Instructions

ORAVIG should be applied in the morning, after brushing the teeth. The tablet should beapplied with dry hands. The rounded side surface of the tablet should be placed againsthe upper gum just above the incisor tooth (canine fossa) and held in place with slightpressure over the upper lip for 30 seconds to ensure adhesion. The tablet is round onone side for comfort, but either side of the tablet can be applied to the gum.

Once applied, ORAVIG stays in position and gradually dissolves. [See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).] Subsequent applications of ORAVIG should be made to alternate sides of the mouth. Before applying the next tablet, the patient should clear away anyremaining tablet material. In addition,

  • ORAVIG should not be crushed, chewed or swallowed.
  • Food and drink can be taken normally when ORAVIG is in place but chewing gumshould be avoided.
  • If ORAVIG does not adhere or falls off within the first 6 hours, the same tablet should be repositioned immediately. If the tablet still does not adhere, a new tablet should be placed.
  • If ORAVIG is swallowed within the first 6 hours, the patient should drink a glass ofwater and a new tablet should be applied only once.
  • If ORAVIG falls off or is swallowed after it was in place for 6 hours or more, a new tablet should not be applied until the next regularly scheduled dose. [see PATIENT INFORMATION].

How Supplied

Dosage Forms And Strengths

ORAVIG is a buccal tablet containing 50 mg of miconazole. ORAVIG tablets are round,off-white tablets, with a rounded side and a flat side. The tablets are marked with an “L” on the flat side.

Storage And Handling

ORAVIG 50 mg buccal tablets are supplied as off-white tablets containing 50 mg ofmiconazole. ORAVIG tablets have a rounded side and a flat side. ORAVIG tablets are packaged in bottles of 14 tablets (NDC 43288-250-14).

ORAVIG should be stored at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F) [see USP controlled room temperature]; excursions between 15 and 30°C permitted at room temperature. Protect frommoisture, and keep out of reach of children.

Manufactured By: Catalent Germany Schorndorf GmbH Steinbeisstraße 2 73614 Schorndorf Germany. Manufactured For: Vestiq Pharmaceuticals, Inc.3000 Aerial Center Parkway, 160 Morrisville, NC 27560. Distributed By: Praelia Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 100 Tower View Court Cary, NC 27513. Revised: 08/2012


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Side Effects

The following serious adverse drug reactions are discussed in detail in other sections oflabeling:

  • Hypersensitivity reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactionrates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in theclinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The overall safety of ORAVIG was assessed in 480 adult subjects: 315 HIV-infected subjects, 147 subjects with head and neck cancer, and 18 healthy subjects.

HIV Infected Patients

Two trials were conducted in immunocompromised HIV-infected patients: one randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled design (N = 290 ORAVIG, 287 control) and one non-comparative trial (N = 25).

In the randomized, double blind trial (Study 1), 290 HIV infected subjects used ORAVIG once daily for 14 days, and 287 subjects used 10 mg clotrimazole troches five times daily for 14 days. Adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 2% of patients in either treatment are pre­sented in Table 1.

Table 1 : Adverse Reactions (Treatment-Emergent) Occurring in a ≥ 2% of HIV-Infected Patients in the Controlled Clinical Trial

Adverse Reaction (MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term) ORAVIG
N = 290 (%)
Clotrimazole troches
N = 287 (%)
Patients with any adverse reaction duringthe study 158 (54.5) 146 (50.9)
Gastrointestinal disorders 25.9 23.7
  Diarrhea 9 8
  Nausea 6.6 7.7
  Vomiting 3.8 3.1
  Dry mouth 2.8 1.7
  Abdominal pain upper 1.7 2.8
Infections and infestations 15.9 17.1
  Upper respiratory infection 2.1 2.4
  Gastroenteritis 1.4 2.8
Nervous system disorders 13.1 8.4
  Headache 7.6 6.6
  Ageusia 2.4 0.3
Blood and lymphatic disorders 6.9 8.4
  Anemia 2.8 1.7
  Lymphopenia 1.7 2.1
  Neutropenia 0.7 2.1
General disorders and administration site conditions 6.6 8
  Fatigue 2.8 2.1
  Pain 1 2.8
Respiratory/thoracic 5.2 7.7
  Cough 2.8 1.7
  Pharyngeal pain 0.7 2.4
Investigations 5.5 6.3
  Increased GGT 1.0 2.8

Overall local adverse reactions, including oral discomfort, oral burning, oral pain, gingival pain, gingival swelling, gingival pruritis, tongue ulceration, mouth ulceration, glossodynia, dry mouth, application site pain or discomfort, toothache, loss of taste, and alteredtaste, were reported by 35 (12.1%) patients who received miconazole buccal tablet compared to 27 (9.4%) patients who received clotrimazole troches.

Head and Neck Cancer Patients

In the randomized, open-label comparative trial of oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients with head and neck cancer who had received radiation therapy (Study 2), 147 patients used ORAVIG once daily for 14 days and 147 patients used 125 mg of miconazole oral gel four times daily for 14 days. Adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 2% of patients in either arm are listed in Table 2.

Table 2: Adverse Reactions (Treatment-Emergent) Occurring in ≥ 2% of Patients with Head and Neck Cancer who had Received Radiation Therapy (Controlled Clinical Trial)

Adverse Reaction (MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term) ORAVIG
N = 147 (%)
Miconazole gel
N = 147 (%)
Patients with at least one adverse reaction 30 (20.4) 32 (21.8)
Gastrointestinal disorders 8.8 13.6
  Abdominal pain, upper 2.7 2
  Oral discomfort 1.4 2.7
  Nausea 0.7 2.7
  Vomiting 0.7 2
  Glossodynia 0 2
Nervous system disorders 5.4 1.4
  Dysgeusia 4.1 0
Skin and subcutaneous 3.4 0.7
  Pruritus 2 0.7

Overall local adverse reactions, including oral discomfort, oral pain, dry mouth, glossodynia, loss of taste, altered taste, tongue ulceration, mouth ulceration, tooth disorder, andapplication site discomfort or pain, were experienced by 14 (9.5%) patients who used ORAVIG compared to 16 (10.9%) patients who used miconazole gel.

Overall ORAVIG Safety Experience In Patients and Healthy Subjects

Adverse reactions reported in the overall safety database of 480 subjects who receivedmiconazole buccal tablet is listed in Table 3.

Table 3 : Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 2% of Patients and Healthy Subjects who Received ORAVIG in Clinical Trials

Adverse Reaction (MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term) ORAVIG
N = 480 (%)
Patients with at least one AE 209 (43.5)
Gastrointestinal disorders 20.6
  Diarrhea 6
  Nausea 4.6
  Abdominal pain upper 2.5
  Vomiting 2.5
Infections and infestations 11.9
Nervous system disorders 10.6
  Headache 5
  Dysgeusia 2.9

Discontinuation of ORAVIG due to adverse drug reactions occurred in 0.6% overall.

Read the Oravig (miconazole buccal tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Interactions

Warfarin

Concomitant administration of miconazole and warfarin has resulted in enhancement of anticoagulant effect. Cases of bleeding and bruising following the concomitant use ofwarfarin and topical, intravaginal, or oral miconazole were reported. Closely monitor pro-thrombin time, International Normalized Ratio (INR), or other suitable anticoagulationtests if ORAVIG is administered concomitantly with warfarin. Also monitor for evidenceof bleeding.

Drugs Metabolized Through CYP 2C9 and 3A4

No formal drug interaction studies have been performed with ORAVIG. Miconazole is aknown inhibitor of CYP2C9 and CYP3A4. Although the systemic absorption of miconazole following ORAVIG administration is minimal and plasma concentrations of miconazole are substantially lower than when given intravenously, the potential for interactionwith drugs metabolized through CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 such as oral hypoglycemics,phenytoin, or ergot alkaloids cannot be ruled out.


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Warnings

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

Precautions

Hypersensitivity

Allergic reactions, including anaphylactic reactions and hypersensitivity, have been reported with the administration of miconazole products, including ORAVIG. DiscontinueORAVIG immediately at the first sign of hypersensitivity.

There is no information regarding cross-hypersensitivity between miconazole and otherazole antifungal agents. Monitor patients with a history of hypersensitivity to azoles.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling.

Instructions for Use

The tablet should be used immediately after removal from the bottle.

  • Instruct patients not to crush, chew, or swallow the tablet.
  • The rounded side of the tablet should be applied to the upper gum above the incisor tooth in the morning, after brushing the teeth.
  • The tablet should be held in place for 30 seconds with a slight pressure of the finger over the upper lip to make the tablet stick to the gum.
  • The tablet may be used if it sticks to the cheek, inside of the lip or the gum.
  • If the tablet does not adhere, it should be repositioned.
  • As the ORAVIG tablet absorbs moisture from the mouth, it will slowly dissolve over time and should be left in place – there is no need to remove the tablet.
  • Subsequent applications of ORAVIG should be made to alternate sides of the gum.
  • If ORAVIG does not stick or falls off within the first 6 hours, the same tablet should be repositioned immediately. If the tablet does not adhere, a new tablet should be placed.
  • If ORAVIG is swallowed within the first 6 hours, the patient should drink a glass of water and a new tablet should be applied only once.
  • If ORAVIG falls off or is swallowed after it was in place for 6 hours or more, a new tablet should not be applied until the next regularly scheduled dose.

Patients should avoid situations that could interfere with the sticking of the tabletincluding:

  • touching or pressing the tablet after placement
  • wearing upper denture
  • chewing gum
  • hitting tablet when brushing teeth
  • rinsing mouth too vigorously

Hypersensitivity and Other Adverse Reactions

Patients who develop hives, skin rash, or other symptoms of an allergic reaction, and patients who develop swelling or pain, at the tablet application site should stop ORAVIGand contact a healthcare provider. Patients may experience other adverse reactionsincluding diarrhea, headache, nausea, and change in taste.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity studies with miconazole have not been conducted.

Miconazole nitrate was not genotoxic when tested in vitroin a bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) assay or in an in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus test. Intraperitoneal injections of miconazole to mice induced chromosomal aberrations in spermatocytes andbone marrow cells, and morphologic abnormalities in sperm at doses similar to or belowclinical doses. However, no impairment of fertility was observed in intravenous studieswith miconazole at 40 mg/kg/day in rats or 20 mg/kg/day in rabbits, which are approximately 8 times higher than the dose a patient would receive if she swallowed an ORAVIGbuccal tablet, based on body surface area comparisons.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well-controlled clinical trials of ORAVIG in pregnant women.ORAVIG should not be used during pregnancy unless the potential benefit to the motheroutweighs the potential risk to the fetus.

Miconazole nitrate administered orally at doses of 80 mg/kg/day or higher to pregnantrats or rabbits crossed the placenta and resulted in embryo- and fetotoxicity, including increased fetal resorptions. These doses also resulted in prolonged gestation and dystocia in rats, but not in rabbits. Embryofetotoxicity was not observed in intravenous studies with miconazole at lower doses of 40 mg/kg/day in rats and 20 mg/kg/day in rabbits,which are approximately 8 times higher than the dose a patient would receive if she swallowed an ORAVIG buccal tablet, based on body surface area comparisons. Teratogenicitywas not reported in any animal study with miconazole.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs areexcreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when ORAVIG is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of ORAVIG in pediatric patients below the age of 16 years have not been established. The ability of pediatric patients to comply with the applicationinstructions has not been evaluated. Use in younger children is not recommended due topotential risk of choking

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of ORAVIG did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 andover to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

Hepatic Impairment

Miconazole is metabolized by the liver. While miconazole systemic exposure is minimal following the application of ORAVIG, ORAVIG should be administered with caution inpatients with hepatic impairment.

Renal Impairment

Less than 1% of miconazole is excreted as unchanged drug in the urine; therefore, noadjustment to therapy is necessary in patients with renal impairment.
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OverDose

Overdose with miconazole in humans has not been reported in the literature.

Miconazole absorption and systemic exposure following application of ORAVIG are minimal [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Symptomatic and supportive care is the basis for management.

ContrainDications

ORAVIG is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylaxis) tomiconazole, milk protein concentrate, or any other component of the product.


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Clinical Pharamacology

Mechanism of Action

Miconazole is an antifungal drug.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption and Distribution

Salivary

Single dose application of ORAVIG containing 50 mg of miconazole to the buccalmucosa of 18 healthy volunteers provided mean maximum salivary concentrations of15 mcg/mL at 7 hours after application of the tablet. This provided an average salivaexposure to miconazole estimated from the AUC (0-24h) of 55.23 mcg·h/mL. The pharmacokinetic parameters of miconazole in the saliva of healthy volunteers are provided in Table 4.

Table 4: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameters of Miconazole in Saliva FollowingApplication of a Single ORAVIG 50 mg Tablet in Healthy Volunteers (N = 18)

Salivary PK Parameters (N = 18) Mean ±SD (Min - Max)
AUC0-24h (mcg.h/mL) 55.2 ±35.1 (0.5 – 128.3)
Cmax (mcg/mL) 15.1 ±16.2 (0.5 – 64.8)
Tmax (hour) 7* (2.0 – 24.1)

In healthy volunteers, the duration of buccal adhesion was on average 15 hours following a single dose application of ORAVIG 50 mg.

Plasma

Plasma concentrations of miconazole were below the lower limit of quantification (0.4 mcg/mL) in 157/162 (97%) samples from healthy volunteers following single-doseapplication of ORAVIG 50 mg. Measurable plasma concentrations ranged from 0.5 to 0.83 mcg/mL.

Plasma concentrations of miconazole evaluated after 7 days of treatment in 40 HIV-positive patients were all below the limit of quantification (0.1 mcg/mL).

Metabolism and Excretion

Most of the absorbed miconazole is metabolized by the liver with less than 1% of theadministered dose found unchanged in urine. In healthy volunteers, the terminal half-life is 24 hours following systemic administration. There are no active metabolites of miconazole.

Food Effect

There was no formal food effect study conducted with ORAVIG; however, in clinical stud­ies patients were allowed to eat and drink while taking ORAVIG.

Microbiology

Mechanism of Action

Miconazole inhibits the enzyme cytochrome P450 14α-demethylase which leads to inhi­bition of ergosterol synthesis, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane. Miconazole also affects the synthesis of triglycerides and fatty acids and inhibits oxida­tive and peroxidative enzymes, increasing the amount of reactive oxygen species within the cell.

Activity in vitroand in vivo

Miconazole is active against Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis. Correlation between minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results in vitroand clinical outcome has yet to be established.

Drug Resistance

In vitro studies have shown that some Candida strains that demonstrate reduced susceptibility to one antifungal azole may also exhibit reduced susceptibility to other azoles suggesting cross-resistance.

Clinically relevant resistance to systemically utilized triazoles may occur in Candida species. Resistance may occur by multiple mechanisms such as changes in amino acidsand/or in the regulation of the target enzyme and of a variety of efflux pump proteins.Multiple mechanisms may coexist in the same isolate. Resistance breakpoints, correlating in vitroactivity with clinical efficacy, have not been established for miconazole.

Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Local tolerance studies (LLNA sensitization test and tolerance study on the jugal mucosaof hamster) did not reveal any toxicity.

Clinical Studies

Study in HIV Infected Patients

The efficacy and safety of ORAVIG in the treatment of OPC was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter trial comparing ORAVIG 50 mg once dailyfor 14 consecutive days (n = 290) with clotrimazole troches 10 mg 5 times per day for14 days (n = 287) in HIV-positive patients with OPC. Seventy-five percent ofpatients were not receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment, 5% had CD4+ cellcount < 50 cells/mm³ , and 17% had a history of previous OPC. The mean viral load was 117,000 copies/mL. Patients were required to have symptoms and microbiological documentation of OPC for study entry. Most of the infections were caused by C. albicans (85%), followed by C. tropicalis (9%), and C. parapsilosis (3%). About 2% of the subjects were infected with more than one Candidaspecies.

Clinical cure [defined as a complete resolution of both signs and symptoms of OPC at thetest of cure (TOC) visit (days 17-22)], and clinical relapse by days 35-38 (21-24 daysafter end of therapy) are presented in Table 5. Mycological cure [defined as eradication (i.e., no yeast isolates) of Candidaspecies] at the TOC visit (days 17-22) is also reported in the table.

Table 5: Clinical Cure and Mycological Cure at the TOC Visit and Relapse at Days 35-38 in HIV Infected Patients

  ORAVIG 50 mg
N=287a (%)
Clotrimazole troches
N=290a (%)
Clinical cure† 176 (60.7%) 187 (65.2%)
  Clinical relapse‡    
    Yesb 48 (27.3%) 52 (27.8%)
     No 124 (70.5%) 133 (71.1%)
     Missing 4 (2.3%) 2 (1.1%)
Mycological cure 79 (27.2%) 71 (24.7%)
a Analysis population includes all randomized patients who took at least 1 dose of studymedication. One randomized subject excluded from the ORAVIG arm.
b In those subjects who relapsed, the mean time to relapse was 15.3 days (SD 4.6) and 15.7 days (SD 6.6), in the ORAVIG and Clotrimazole treatment arms, respectively.
† Difference in clinical cure rates (ORAVIG-Clotrimazole troche) was -4.5%, with a95% CI: (–12.4%, 3.4%).
‡ Percentage based on those who had clinical cure.
Study inHead and Neck Cancer Patients

The efficacy and safety of ORAVIG 50 mg was evaluated in an open-label, randomized,multicenter trial comparing ORAVIG 50 mg once daily for 14 days to miconazole oral gel125 mg four times daily for 14 days in head and neck cancer patients who had receivedradiation therapy. Most of the infections were caused by C. albicans (71%), and C. tropicalis (8%). About 7% of the subjects were infected with more than one Candida species. Success rates of treatment at day 14 [defined as a complete (complete disappearance of candidiasis lesions) or partial response (improvement by at least 2 points ofthe score for extent of oral lesion compared with the score at day 1) based on a blindassessment] are shown in Table 6. Also reported in Table 6 are relapse rate at day 30,and mycologic cure assessed at day 14.

Table 6: Clinical Success and Mycological Cure at Day 14, in Patients with Headand Neck Cancer who had Received Radiation Therapy

  ORAVIG 50 mg
N=146a (%)
Miconazole oral gel
N=148a (%)
Success rate (CR+PR)b 79 (53.4%) 69 (46.6%)
CR † 74 (50.0%) 64 (43.8%)
  Clinical relapse‡    
    Yesc 14 (18.9%) 8 (12.5%)
    No 59 (79.7%) 56 (87.5%)
    Missing 1(1.4%) 0
Mycological cure 66 (44.6%) 78 (53.4%)
aAnalysis population includes all subjects who received at least one dose of study medication. Reasons for not receiving treatment included negative mycological culture, informed consent withdrawn, or lost during screening. Six patients excluded per arm.
bCR: complete response; PR: partial response
c In those subjects who relapsed, the mean time to relapse was 18.8 days (SD 16.3) and 20.6 days (SD 13.5), in the ORAVIG and Miconazole oral gel group, respectively.
† Difference in clinical complete response rates (ORAVIG-Miconazole oral gel) was 6.2%,with a 95% CI: (-5.2%, 17.6%).
‡ Percentage based on those who had complete response.


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Patient Information

Oravig
(OR-a-vig)
(miconazole) Buccal Tablets

Read the Patient Information that comes with ORAVIG before you starttaking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking with your doctor or about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is ORAVIG?

ORAVIG is a prescription antifungal medicine used in adults to treat fungal (yeast) infections of the mouth and the throat.

It is not known if ORAVIG is safe and effective in children under the age of 16 years. It is not known if children can follow the instructions on what to do with the buccal tablet. In younger children, there is a possible risk of choking.

Who should not use ORAVIG?

Do not use ORAVIG if you:

  • are allergic to miconazole (M-Zole, Monistat, Vusion)
  • are allergic to milk protein concentrate
  • are allergic to any of the ingredients in ORAVIG. See the end of this Patient Information leaflet for a complete list of ingredients inORAVIG

What should I tell my doctor before using ORAVIG?

Before taking ORAVIG, tell your doctor if you:

  • have liver problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ORAVIG will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if youare pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if ORAVIG passes into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor aboutthe best way to feed your baby if you use ORAVIG.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

ORAVIG may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how ORAVIG works.

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • adiabetes medicine
  • phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)
  • an ergot medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are notsure if your medicine is an ergot medicine.
  • the blood thinner medicine warfarin sodium (Coumadin, Jantoven)

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use ORAVIG?

  • Always use ORAVIG exactly as your doctor tells you. ORAVIG is usually applied in the morning after you brush your teeth.
  • ORAVIG is placed 1 time each day to your upper gum for 14 days.
  • You may eat and drink while using ORAVIG.
  • Do not crush, chew or swallow ORAVIG.
  • You should change where you place ORAVIG, between the left andright side of your upper gum with each use.
  • It is okay if ORAVIG sticks to your cheek, the inside of your lip or your gum. If ORAVIG does not stick or falls off of your gum within the first 6 hours, re-apply it. If it still does not stick, replace it with a new tablet.
  • If you swallow ORAVIG within the first 6 hours of placing, drink aglass of water and place a new ORAVIG to your gum.
  • If ORAVIG falls off or is swallowed after it was in place for 6 hours or more, do not apply a new ORAVIG. Just place your next dose atyour regular time.
  • Check to see if ORAVIG is still in place after you brush your teeth, rinse your mouth, eat, or drink.

How to use ORAVIG?

Before applying the tablet,

1. Locate the area on the upper gum, just above either theleft or the right incisor. The incisor tooth is the tooth just to the right or left of your two front teeth (See Figure A)

Figure A

Area where to place the tablet - Illustration

2. Take one ORAVIG tablet out of the bottle. ORAVIG is round on one side and flat on the other side (Figure B). The tablet is marked with an “L” on the flat side.

Figure B

Shape of Oravig tablets - Illustration

Applying the ORAVIG tablet,

3. Place the flat side of the ORAVIG tablet on your dry fingertip. Gently push the round side of the tablet against your upper gum in the area shown in figure C. Push theORAVIG tablet up as high as it will go on your gum. The flat side will be facing the inside of your lip.

Figure C

Applying the ORAVIG tablet - Illustration

4. Hold the ORAVIG tablet in place by applying a slight pressure with your finger on the outside of your upper lip for 30 seconds. This will make the tablet stick to your gum(See Figure D).

Figure D

Hold the ORAVIG tablet in place - Illustration

5. Leave the tablet in place until it dissolves.

6. Before applying your next dose, be sure to clear away any remaining ORAVIG tablet material.

What should I avoid while using ORAVIG?

You should avoid activities that may prevent ORAVIG from sticking to your gum, including:

  • touching or pressing ORAVIG after placement
  • wearing upper denture that interfere with placement of the tablet
  • chewing-gum.
  • hitting tablet when brushing your teeth
  • rinsing your mouth too vigorously

What are the possible side effects of ORAVIG?

ORAVIG may cause serious side effects, including:

Allergic reactions. Tell your doctor or get emergency medical help rightaway if you have any of the symptoms below:

  • skin rash or hives
  • swelling of your face, eyes, lips, tongue or throat
  • trouble swallowing or breathing

The most common side effects of ORAVIG include:

  • diarrhea
  • change in taste
  • headache
  • upper stomach (abdominal) pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of ORAVIG. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store ORAVIG?

  • Store ORAVIG between 68 to 77°F (20 to 25°C)
  • Keep ORAVIG dry

Keep ORAVIG and all medicine out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of ORAVIG

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information Leaflet. Do not use ORAVIG for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ORAVIG to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. This Patient Information Leaflet summarizes the most important information about ORAVIG. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about ORAVIG that is written for health professionals. You can also visit www.oravig.com for more information.

What are the ingredients in ORAVIG?

Active ingredient: miconazole

Inactive ingredients: hypromellose, milk protein concentrate, corn starch, lactose monohydrate, sodium lauryl sulfate, magnesium stearate, and talc.


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Consumer Overview Uses

Oravig
(OR-a-vig)
(miconazole) Buccal Tablets

Read the Patient Information that comes with ORAVIG before you starttaking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking with your doctor or about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is ORAVIG?

ORAVIG is a prescription antifungal medicine used in adults to treat fungal (yeast) infections of the mouth and the throat.

It is not known if ORAVIG is safe and effective in children under the age of 16 years. It is not known if children can follow the instructions on what to do with the buccal tablet. In younger children, there is a possible risk of choking.

Who should not use ORAVIG?

Do not use ORAVIG if you:

  • are allergic to miconazole (M-Zole, Monistat, Vusion)
  • are allergic to milk protein concentrate
  • are allergic to any of the ingredients in ORAVIG. See the end of this Patient Information leaflet for a complete list of ingredients inORAVIG

What should I tell my doctor before using ORAVIG?

Before taking ORAVIG, tell your doctor if you:

  • have liver problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ORAVIG will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if youare pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if ORAVIG passes into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor aboutthe best way to feed your baby if you use ORAVIG.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

ORAVIG may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how ORAVIG works.

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • adiabetes medicine
  • phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)
  • an ergot medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are notsure if your medicine is an ergot medicine.
  • the blood thinner medicine warfarin sodium (Coumadin, Jantoven)

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use ORAVIG?

  • Always use ORAVIG exactly as your doctor tells you. ORAVIG is usually applied in the morning after you brush your teeth.
  • ORAVIG is placed 1 time each day to your upper gum for 14 days.
  • You may eat and drink while using ORAVIG.
  • Do not crush, chew or swallow ORAVIG.
  • You should change where you place ORAVIG, between the left andright side of your upper gum with each use.
  • It is okay if ORAVIG sticks to your cheek, the inside of your lip or your gum. If ORAVIG does not stick or falls off of your gum within the first 6 hours, re-apply it. If it still does not stick, replace it with a new tablet.
  • If you swallow ORAVIG within the first 6 hours of placing, drink aglass of water and place a new ORAVIG to your gum.
  • If ORAVIG falls off or is swallowed after it was in place for 6 hours or more, do not apply a new ORAVIG. Just place your next dose atyour regular time.
  • Check to see if ORAVIG is still in place after you brush your teeth, rinse your mouth, eat, or drink.

How to use ORAVIG?

Before applying the tablet,

1. Locate the area on the upper gum, just above either theleft or the right incisor. The incisor tooth is the tooth just to the right or left of your two front teeth (See Figure A)

Figure A

Area where to place the tablet - Illustration

2. Take one ORAVIG tablet out of the bottle. ORAVIG is round on one side and flat on the other side (Figure B). The tablet is marked with an “L” on the flat side.

Figure B

Shape of Oravig tablets - Illustration

Applying the ORAVIG tablet,

3. Place the flat side of the ORAVIG tablet on your dry fingertip. Gently push the round side of the tablet against your upper gum in the area shown in figure C. Push theORAVIG tablet up as high as it will go on your gum. The flat side will be facing the inside of your lip.

Figure C

Applying the ORAVIG tablet - Illustration

4. Hold the ORAVIG tablet in place by applying a slight pressure with your finger on the outside of your upper lip for 30 seconds. This will make the tablet stick to your gum(See Figure D).

Figure D

Hold the ORAVIG tablet in place - Illustration

5. Leave the tablet in place until it dissolves.

6. Before applying your next dose, be sure to clear away any remaining ORAVIG tablet material.

What should I avoid while using ORAVIG?

You should avoid activities that may prevent ORAVIG from sticking to your gum, including:

  • touching or pressing ORAVIG after placement
  • wearing upper denture that interfere with placement of the tablet
  • chewing-gum.
  • hitting tablet when brushing your teeth
  • rinsing your mouth too vigorously

What are the possible side effects of ORAVIG?

ORAVIG may cause serious side effects, including:

Allergic reactions. Tell your doctor or get emergency medical help rightaway if you have any of the symptoms below:

  • skin rash or hives
  • swelling of your face, eyes, lips, tongue or throat
  • trouble swallowing or breathing

The most common side effects of ORAVIG include:

  • diarrhea
  • change in taste
  • headache
  • upper stomach (abdominal) pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of ORAVIG. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store ORAVIG?

  • Store ORAVIG between 68 to 77°F (20 to 25°C)
  • Keep ORAVIG dry

Keep ORAVIG and all medicine out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of ORAVIG

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information Leaflet. Do not use ORAVIG for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ORAVIG to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. This Patient Information Leaflet summarizes the most important information about ORAVIG. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about ORAVIG that is written for health professionals. You can also visit www.oravig.com for more information.

What are the ingredients in ORAVIG?

Active ingredient: miconazole

Inactive ingredients: hypromellose, milk protein concentrate, corn starch, lactose monohydrate, sodium lauryl sulfate, magnesium stearate, and talc.
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Consumer Overview Side Effect

SIDE EFFECTS: Discomfort, sores, taste changes, or irritation/pain in the mouth may occur. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or headache may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

 

Read the Oravig (miconazole buccal tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

PRECAUTIONS: Before using miconazole buccal tablets, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to miconazole; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as milk protein concentrate), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Consumer Overview Missed Dose

DRUG INTERACTIONS: The effects of some drugs can change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This can increase your risk for serious side effects or may cause your medications not to work correctly. These drug interactions are possible, but do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing how you use your medications or by close monitoring.

To help your doctor and pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) before starting treatment with this product. While using this product, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are using without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: warfarin.

This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use. Share this list with your doctor and pharmacist to lessen your risk for serious medication problems.

 

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

 

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another infection unless your doctor directs you to do so. A different medication may be necessary in that case.

 

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

 

STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

 

Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.

Patient Detailed Side Effect

Brand Names: ORAVIG

Generic Name: miconazole oral (buccal) (Pronunciation: mye KON a zole (BUK al))

  • What is miconazole (Oravig)?
  • What are the possible side effects of miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • What should I discuss with my health care provider before using miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • How should I use miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Oravig)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Oravig)?
  • What should I avoid while using miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • What other drugs will affect miconazole buccal (Oravig)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is miconazole (Oravig)?

Miconazole is an antifungal medication that fights infections caused by fungus.

Miconazole buccal is used to treat candida (yeast) infections inside the mouth.

Miconazole buccal may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • severe burning or pain in your mouth;
  • new sores in your mouth or on your tongue;
  • tooth problems;
  • pain or swelling in your gums; or
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • decreased sense of taste;
  • unusual or unpleasant taste;
  • mild pain or discomfort in your mouth or tongue;
  • cough, dry mouth;
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
  • headache; or
  • tired feeling.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Oravig (miconazole buccal tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

What is the most important information I should know about miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to miconazole or milk proteins.

Before using miconazole buccal, tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any antifungal drug such as fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Extina, Ketozole, Nizoral, Xolegal), itraconazole (Sporanox), posaconazole (Noxafil), or voriconazole (Vfend).

You may eat and drink normally while the tablet is in place, but avoid chewing gum.

Call your doctor at once if you have severe burning or pain in your mouth, new mouth sores, tooth problems, pain or swelling in your gums, pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, or trouble concentrating.

Side Effects Centers
  • Oravig

Patient Detailed How Take

What should I discuss with my health care provider before using miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to miconazole or milk proteins.

To make sure you can safely use this medication, tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any antifungal drug such as fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Extina, Ketozole, Nizoral, Xolegal), itraconazole (Sporanox), posaconazole (Noxafil), or voriconazole (Vfend).

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether miconazole will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.

It is not known whether miconazole passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I use miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Miconazole buccal is used each morning for 14 days in a row. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Brush your teeth before putting in a buccal tablet. Make sure your hands are dry before handling the tablet.

Place the rounded side of the tablet against your upper gum near your back teeth. Close your mouth and press your finger gently against the side of your cheek for 30 seconds to make sure the tablet stays in place.

Leave the tablet in place until the next morning. Switch the sides of your mouth each morning when using a new tablet.

If any pieces of the tablet remain in your mouth the next morning, rinse your mouth with water before using a new tablet.

Do not crush, chew, or break a miconazole buccal tablet. Do not swallow the tablet whole.

You may eat and drink normally while the tablet is in place, but avoid chewing gum.

During the first 6 hours after placing a buccal tablet in your mouth, if the tablet comes loose try putting it back into place. If it still comes loose, put in a new tablet. If you accidentally swallow a tablet within the first 6 hours of wearing time, drink a full glass of water and put in a new tablet.

After the first 6 hours, if a tablet comes loose or you accidentally swallow it, do not put in a new tablet. Wait until it is time for your next dose to put in a new tablet.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Side Effects Centers
  • Oravig

Patient Detailed Avoid Taking

What happens if I miss a dose (Oravig)?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Oravig)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while using miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

Avoid chewing gum while using this medication.

What other drugs will affect miconazole buccal (Oravig)?

There may be other drugs that can interact with miconazole. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about miconazole buccal.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.02. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

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Side Effects Centers
  • Oravig

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