Drugs Details

Drugs Info of Infuvite Pediatric Pharmacy Bulk Package
Drugs Details
  • Drugs Type  : FDA
  • Date : 24th Mar 2015 12:50 am
  • Brand Name : Infuvite Pediatric Pharmacy Bulk Package
  • Generic Name : (multiple vitamins) Pediatric Pharmacy Bulk Package,Multiple Vitamins For Infusion Pharmacy Bulk Package
Descriptions

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is a sterile product consisting of two vials: 1 each of Vial 1 (40 mL fill in 50 mL) and Vial 2 (10 mL), provided as a pharmacy bulk package.

A pharmacy bulk package is a container of a sterile preparation forparenteral use that contains many single doses. The contents are intended for use in a pharmacy admixture program and are restricted to the preparation of admixtures for intravenous infusion.

Each 4 mL of Vial 1 contains:

Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C). . . . . . . . . . . 80 mg
Vitamin A1 (as palmitate). . . . . . . . . 2 300 IU
Vitamin D31 (cholecalciferol) . . . . . . . . 400 IU
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) (as the hydrochloride). . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 mg
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) (as riboflavin 5-phosphate sodium). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.4 mg
Pyridoxine HCl (Vitamin B6). . . . . . . . . . 1 mg
Niacinamide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 mg
Dexpanthenol (as d-pantothenyl alcohol) . . . . . . . . . 5 mg
Vitamin E1 (dl-α-tocopheryl acetate). . . . 7 IU
Vitamin K11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2 mg

Inactive ingredients: 50 mg polysorbate 80, sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment and water for injection.

Each 1 mL of Vial 2 contains:

Folic acid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 mcg
Biotin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 mcg
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) . . . . . . . 1 mcg

Inactive ingredients: 75 mg mannitol, citric acid and/or sodium citrate for pH adjustment and water for injection.

Vitamin A 2,300 IU equals 0.7 mg
Vitamin D 400 IU equals 10 mcg
Vitamin E 7 IU equals 7 mg
Multiple vitamin preparation for intravenous infusion

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) (Multiple Vitamins for Infusion) makes available a combination of important oil-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in an aqueous solution, formulated for incorporation into intravenous solutions. The liposoluble vitamins A, D, E and K have been solubilized in an aqueous medium with polysorbate 80, permitting intravenous administration of these vitamins.

Contains no more than 30 mcg/L of aluminum (combined vials 1 and 2).

1Polysorbate 80 is used to water solubilize the oil-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Indications

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package)PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is indicated as a daily multivitamin maintenance dosage for infants and children up to 11 years of age receiving parenteral nutrition.

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is also indicated in other situations where administration by the intravenous route is required. Such situations include surgery, extensive burns, fractures and other trauma, severe infectious diseases, and comatose states, which may provoke a “stress” situation with profound alterations in the body's metabolic demands and consequent tissue depletion of nutrients.

The physician should not await the development of clinical signs of vitamin deficiency before initiating vitamin therapy.

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) (administered in intravenous fluids under proper dilution) contributes intake of necessary vitamins toward maintaining the body's normal resistance and repair processes.

Patients with multiple vitamin deficiencies or with markedly increased requirements may be given multiples of the daily dosage for two or more days, as indicated by the clinical status. Blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored to ensure maintenance of adequate levels, particularly in patients receiving parenteral multivitamins as their sole source of vitamins for long periods of time.

Dosage Administration

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is ready for immediate use in infants and children up to 11 years of age when added to intravenous infusion fluids.

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) should not be given as a direct, undiluted intravenous injection as it may give rise to dizziness, faintness and possible tissue irritation.

Preparation of INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) for intravenous feeding should be done by transferring the contents of Vial 2 into the contents of Vial 1 to provide ten 5 mL single doses. One daily dose of INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) should be added directly to not less than 100 mL of intravenous dextrose, saline or similar solutions. Discard any unused portion.

Daily doses in pediatric patients are determined as follows:

For administration to infants weighing < 1 kg: The daily dose is 30% of the contents of a 5 mL single dose (1.5 mL of combined vials 1 and 2). Do not exceed this daily dose. Supplemental vitamin A may be required for low-birth-weight infants. For administration to infants weighing ≥ 1 kg and < 3 kg: The daily dose is 65% of the contents of a 5 mL single dose (3.25 mL of combined vials 1 and 2). Do not exceed this daily dose. Supplemental vitamin A may be required for low-birth-weight infants. For administration to infants and children weighing ≥ 3 kg up to 11 years of age: The daily dose is an entire 5 mL single dose of combined vials 1 and 2, unless there is clinical or laboratory evidence for increasing or decreasing the dosage.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

After INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is diluted in an intravenous infusion, the resulting solution should be refrigerated unless it is to be used immediately. The solution should be used within 24 hours after dilution. Some of the vitamins in this product, particularly A, D and riboflavin, are light sensitive, therefore, exposure to light should be minimized.

Once closure system has been compromised, withdrawal of container contents should be completed within 4 hours. INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) IS A PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE. IT IS NOT INTENDED FOR DIRECT INFUSION. DISCARD UNUSED PORTION.

Directions For Dispensing From Pharmacy Bulk Vial

The Pharmacy Bulk Vial is intended for single puncture, multiple dispensing and for intravenous use only. The contents are intended for use in a pharmacy admixture program and are restricted to the preparation of admixtures for infusion. The Pharmacy bulk package is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminar flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area). Dispensing from Pharmacy Bulk Vial should be completed as soon as possible after initial entry.

How Supplied

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) – NDC 54643-5647-0, is available in boxes containing 2 vials – 1 each of Vial 1 (40 mL Fill in 50 mL Vial) and Vial 2 (10 mL). Mix contents of Vial 2 with Vial 1 to provide 10 single 5 mL doses.

Store under refrigeration, 2-8°C (36-46°F).

Manufactured by : Sandoz Canada Inc., 145 Jules-Léger Street Boucherville, Qc, Canada, J4B 7K8. Distributed by : Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Clintec Nutrition Division Deerfield, IL 60015 USA. Rev. September 2007. FDA revision date: n/a

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Side Effects

There have been rare reports of anaphylactic reactions following parenteralmultivitamin administration. Rare reports of anaphylactoid reactions have also been reported after large intravenous doses of thiamine. The risk, however, is negligible if thiamine is coadministered with other vitamins of the B group. There have been no reports of fatal anaphylactoid reactions associated with multivitamin preparations for infusion.

There have been rare reports of the following types of reactions:

Dermatologic – rash, erythema, pruritis

CNS – headache, dizziness, agitation, anxiety

Ophthalmic – diplopia

Allergic – urticaria, shortness of breath, wheezing and angioedema.

Read the Infuvite Pediatric Pharmacy Bulk Package (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

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Interactions

Drug-Drug Interactions

Physical incompatibilities

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package)PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE)

(Multiple Vitamins for Infusion) is not physically compatible with alkaline solutions or moderately alkaline drugs such as acetazolamide, and chlorothiazide sodium, aminophylline or sodium bicarbonate. INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is not physically compatible with ampicillin and it may not be physically compatible with tetracycline HCl. It has also been reported that folic acid is unstable in the presence of calcium salts such as calcium gluconate. Direct addition to intravenous fat emulsions is not recommended. Consult appropriate references for listings of physical compatibility of solutions and drugs with the vitamin infusion. In such circumstances, admixture or Y-site administration with vitamin solutions should be avoided.

Some of the vitamins in INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) may react withvitamin K bisulfite or sodium bisulfite; if bisulfite solutions are necessary, patients should be monitored for Vitamin A, thiamine and ascorbic aciddeficiencies.

Clinical Interactions

A number of interactions between vitamins and drugs have been reported which may affect the metabolism of either agent. The following are examples of these types of interactions.

Folic acid may lower the serum concentration of phenytoin resulting in increased seizure frequency. Conversely, phenytoin may decrease serum folic acid concentrations and, therefore, should be avoided in pregnancy. Folic acid may decrease the patient's response to methotrexate therapy.

Pyridoxine may decrease the efficacy of levodopa by increasing its metabolism. Concomitant administration of hydralazine or isoniazid may increase pryridoxine requirements.

In patients with pernicious anemia, the hematological response to vitamin B12 therapy may be inhibited by concomitant administration of chloramphenicol.

Several vitamins have been reported to decrease the activity of certain antibiotics. Thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacinamide, and ascorbic acid have been reported to decrease the antibiotic activity of erythromycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, doxycycline, and lincomycin. Bleomycin is inactivated in vitro by ascorbic acid and riboflavin.

Vitamin K may antagonize the hypoprothrombinemic effect of oral anticoagulants (see PRECAUTIONS).

Consult appropriate references for additional specific vitamin-drug interactions.

Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions

Ascorbic acid in the urine may cause false negative urine glucosedeterminations.


This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Warnings

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package)PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is administered in intravenoussolutions, which may contain aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium andphosphate solution, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated withcentral nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

Precautions

Caution should be exercised when administering INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) to patients on warfarin sodium-type anticoagulant therapy. In such patients, vitamin K may antagonize the hypoprothrombinemic response to anticoagulant drugs. In such patients, periodic monitoring of prothrombin time/INR response is essential in determining the appropriate dosage of anticoagulant therapy.

Adequate blood levels of vitamin E are achieved when INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is given to infants at the recommended dosage. Larger doses or supplementation with oral or parenteral vitamin E are not recommended because elevated blood levels of vitamin E may result.

Studies have shown that vitamin A may adhere to plastic, resulting in inadequate vitamin A administration in the doses recommended with INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE). Additional vitamin A supplementation may be required, especially in low-birth-weight infants.

Long-standing specific vitamin deficiencies may require additionaltherapeutic amounts of specific vitamins to supplement the maintenance vitamins provided by INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE).

In patients receiving parenteral multivitamins, blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored to determine if vitamin deficiencies or excesses are developing.

Polysorbates have been associated with the E-Ferol syndrome(thrombocytopenia, renal dysfunction, hepatomegaly, cholestasis, ascites,hypotension and metabolic acidosis) in low-birth-weight infants. However, no such adverse reports have been associated with the use of pediatric multiple vitamins for infusion such as INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE).

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package) PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) should be aseptically transferred to the infusion fluid.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, and Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and fertility studies have not been performed.

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OverDose

The possibility of hypervitaminosis A or D should be borne in mind. Clinical manifestations of hypervitaminosis A have been reported in patients withrenal failure receiving 1.5 mg/day retinol. Therefore, vitamin Asupplementation of renal failure patients should be undertaken with caution.

ContrainDications

INFUVITE (multiple vitamins for infusion pharmacy bulk package)PEDIATRIC (PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE) is contraindicated where there is a preexisting hypervitaminosis, or a known hypersensitivity to any of thevitamins or excipients in the product. Allergic reactions have been known to occur following intravenous administration of thiamine and vitamin K. The formulation is contraindicated prior to blood sampling for detection of megaloblastic anemia, as the folic acid and the cyanocobalamin in the vitamin solution can mask serum deficits.

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Clinical Pharamacology

No information provided.

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Patient Information

No information provided. Please refer to the WARNINGS andPRECAUTIONS sections.

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Consumer Overview Uses

No Information Available!

Consumer Overview Side Effect

No Information Available!

Consumer Overview Missed Dose

No Information Available!

Patient Detailed Side Effect

No Information Available!

Patient Detailed How Take

No Information Available!

Patient Detailed Avoid Taking

No Information Available!

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