Drugs Details

Drugs Info of In-111 Zevalin, Y-90 Zevalin
Drugs Details
  • Drugs Type  : FDA
  • Date : 15th Jul 2015 07:30 am
  • Brand Name : In-111 Zevalin, Y-90 Zevalin
  • Generic Name : ibritumomab (Pronunciation: ib ri TYOO mo mab)
Descriptions

Zevalin (ibritumomab tiuxetan) is the immunoconjugate resulting from a stable thiourea covalent bond between the monoclonal antibody ibritumomab and the linker-chelator tiuxetan [N-[2-bis(carboxymethyl)amino]-3-(p-isothiocyanatophenyl)-propyl]-[N-[2-bis(carboxymethyl)amino]-2-(methyl)-ethyl]glycine. This linker-chelator provides a high affinity, conformationally restricted chelation site for Yttrium-90. The approximate molecular weight of ibritumomab tiuxetan is 148 kD. The antibody moiety of Zevalin is ibritumomab, a murine IgGi kappa monoclonal antibody directed against the CD20 antigen.

Ibritumomab tiuxetan is a clear, colorless, sterile, pyrogen-free, preservative-free solution that may contain translucent particles. Each single-use vial includes 3.2 mg of ibritumomab tiuxetan in 2 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride.

Physical/Radiochemical Characteristics of Y-90

Yttrium-90 decays by emission of beta particles, with a physical half-life of 64.1 hours (2.67 days). The product of radioactive decay is non-radioactive Zirconium-90. The range of beta particles in soft tissue (%90) is 5 mm. Radiation emission data for Y-90 are summarized in Table 5.

Table 5. Principal Y-90 Radiation Emission Data

Radiation Mean % per
Disintegration
Mean
Energy (keV)
Beta minus 100 750-935
External Radiation

The exposure rate for 1 mCi (37 MBq) of Y-90 is 8.3 x 10-3 C/kg/hr (32 R/hr) at the mouth of an open Y-90 vial.

To allow correction for physical decay of Y-90, the fractions that remain at selected intervals before and after the time of calibration are shown in Table 6.

Table 6. Physical Decay Chart: Y-90 Half-life 2.67 Days (64.1 Hours)

Calibration
Time (Hrs.)
Fraction
Remaining
Calibration
Time (Hrs.)
Fraction
Remaining
-36 1.48 0 1.00
-24 1.30 1 0.99
-12 1,14 2 0.98
-8 1.09 3 0.97
-7 1.08 4 0.96
-6 1.07 5 0.95
-5 1.06 6 0.94
-4 1.04 7 0.93
-3 1.03 8 0.92
-2 1.02 12 0.88
-1 1.01 24 0.77
0 1.00 36 0.68

What are the possible side effects of ibritumomab (In-111 Zevalin, Y-90 Zevalin)?

Some people receiving an ibritumomab injection have had a reaction to the infusion (when the medicine is injected into the vein). Tell your caregiver right away if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, sweaty, itchy, or have a fast heartbeat, trouble breathing, chest pain or heavy feeling, or pain spreading to the arm or shoulder. These reactions can occur during the injection or within 24 hours afterward.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Zevalin »

What are the precautions when taking ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin)?

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to mouse proteins; or to other medications in the treatment plan (rituximab, Yttrium-90); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bone marrow disorders (e.g., neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), recent/current infections.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Before having surgery, tell your...

Read All Potential Precautions of Zevalin »

Indications

Relapsed or Refractory, Low-grade or Follicular NHL

Zevalin is indicated for the treatment of relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

Previously Untreated Follicular NHL

Zevalin is indicated for the treatment of previously untreated follicular NHL in patients who achieve a partial or complete response to first-line chemotherapy.

Dosage Administration

Recommended Dosing Schedule:

  • Administer the Zevalin therapeutic regimen as outlined in Section 2.1.
  • Initiate the Zevalin therapeutic regimen following recovery of platelet counts to > 150,000/mm3 at least 6 weeks, but no more than 12 weeks, following the last dose of first-line chemotherapy.

Overview of Dosing Schedule

 

View Enlarged Table

Zevalin Therapeutic Regimen Dosage and Administration

Day 1
  • Premedicate with acetaminophen 650 mg orally and diphenhydramine 50 mg orally prior to rituximab infusion.
  • Administer rituximab 250 mg/m2 intravenously at an initial rate of 50 mg/hr. In the absence of infusion reactions, escalate the infusion rate in 50 mg/hr increments every 30 minutes to a maximum of 400 mg/hr. Do not mix or dilute rituximab with other drugs.
  • Immediately stop the rituximab infusion for serious infusion reactions and discontinue the Zevalin therapeutic regimen [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Temporarily slow or interrupt the rituximab infusion for less severe infusion reactions. If symptoms improve, continue the infusion at one-half the previous rate.
Day 7, 8 or 9
  • Premedicate with acetaminophen 650 mg orally and diphenhydramine 50 mg orally prior to rituximab infusion.
  • Administer rituximab 250 mg/m2 intravenously at an initial rate of 100 mg/hr. Increase rate by 100 mg/hr increments at 30 minute intervals, to a maximum of 400 mg/hr, as tolerated. If infusion reactions occurred during rituximab infusion on Day 1 of treatment, administer rituximab at an initial rate of 50 mg/hr and escalate the infusion rate in 50 mg/hr increments every 30 minutes to a maximum of 400 mg/hr.
  • Administer Y-90 Zevalin injection through a free flowing intravenous line within 4 hours following completion of rituximab infusion. Use a 0.22 micron low-protein-binding in-line filter between the syringe and the infusion port. After injection, flush the line with at least 10 mL of normal saline.
    • If platelet count ≥ 150,000/mm3. administer Y-90 Zevalin over 10 minutes as an intravenous injection at a dose of Y-90 0.4 mCi per kg (14.8 MBq per kg) actual body weight,
    • If platelet count ≥ 100,000 but ≤ 149,000/mm3. in relapsed or refractory patients, administer Y-90 Zevalin over 10 minutes as an intravenous injection at a dose of Y-90 0.3 mCi per kg (11.1 MBq per kg) actual body weight.
    • Do not administer more than 32 mCi (1184 MBq) Y-90 Zevalin dose regardless of the patient's body weight.
  • Monitor patients closely for evidence of extravasation during the injection of Y-90 Zevalin. Immediately stop infusion and restart in another limb if any signs or symptoms of extravasation occur [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Directions for Preparation of Radiolabeled Y-90 Zevalin Doses

A clearly-labeled kit is required for preparation of Yttrium-90 (Y-90) Zevalin. Follow the detailed instructions for the preparation of radiolabeled Zevalin [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Required materials not supplied in the kit:

  1. Yttrium-90 Chloride Sterile Solution
  2. Three sterile 1 mL plastic syringes
  3. One sterile 3 mL plastic syringe
  4. Two sterile 10 mL plastic syringes with 18-20 G needles
  5. ITLC silica gel strips
  6. 0.9% Sodium Chloride aqueous solution for the chromatography solvent
  7. Developing chamber for chromatography
  8. Suitable radioactivity counting apparatus
  9. Filter, 0.22 micrometer, low-protein-binding
  10. Appropriate acrylic shielding for reaction vial and syringe for Y-90
Method
  1. Allow contents of the refrigerated Y-90 Zevalin kit (Zevalin vial, 50 mM sodium acetate vial, and formulation buffer vial) to reach room temperature.
  2. Place the empty reaction vial in an appropriate acrylic shield.
  3. Determine the amount of each component needed:
    A. Calculate volume of Y-90 Chloride equivalent to 40 mCi based on the activity concentration of the Y-90 Chloride stock.
    B. The volume of 50 mM Sodium Acetate solution needed is 1.2 times the volume of Y-90 Chloride solution determined in step 3.a, above.
    C. Calculate the volume of formulation buffer needed to bring the reaction vial contents to a final volume of 10 mL.
  4. . Transfer the calculated volume of 50 mM Sodium Acetate to the empty reaction vial. Coat the entire inner surface of the reaction vial by gentle inversion or rolling.
  5. Transfer 40 mCi of Y-90 Chloride to the reaction vial using an acrylic shielded syringe. Mix the two solutions by gentle inversion or rolling.
  6. Transfer 1.3 mL of Zevalin (ibritumomab tiuxetan) to the reaction vial. Do not shake or agitate the vial contents.
  7. Allow the labeling reaction to proceed at room temperature for 5 minutes. A shorter or longer reaction time may adversely alter the final labeled product.
  8. Immediately after the 5-minute incubation period, transfer the calculated volume of formulation buffer from step 3.c. to the reaction vial. Gently add the formulation buffer down the side of the reaction vial. If necessary, withdraw an equal volume of air to normalize pressure.
  9. Measure the final product for total activity using a radioactivity calibration system suitable for the measurement of Y-90.
  10. Using the supplied labels, record the date and time of preparation, the total activity and volume, and the date and time of expiration, and affix these labels to the shielded reaction vial container.
  11. Patient Dose: Calculate the volume required for a Y-90 Zevalin dose [see DOSAGE AND ADMININSTRATION]. Withdraw the required volume from the reaction vial. Assay the syringe in the dose calibrator suitable for the measurement of Y-90. The measured dose must be within 10% of the prescribed dose of Y-90 Zevalin and must not exceed 32 mCi (1184 MBq). Using the supplied labels, record the patient identifier, total activity and volume and the date and time of expiration, and affix these labels to the syringe and'shielded unit dose container.
  12. Determine Radiochemical Purity [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].
  13. Store Yttrium-90 Zevalin at 2-8°C (36-46°F) until use and administer within 8 hours of radiolabeling. Immediately prior to administration, assay the syringe and contents using a radioactivity calibration system suitable for the measurement of Y-90.

Procedure for Determining Radiochemical Purity

Use the following procedures for radiolabeling Y-90 Zevalin:

  1. Place a small drop of Y-90 Zevalin at the origin of an ITLC silica gel strip.
  2. Place the ITLC silica gel strip into a chromatography chamber with the origin at the bottom and the solvent front at the top. Allow the solvent (0.9% NaCl) to migrate at least 5 cm from the bottom of the strip. Remove the strip from the chamber and cut the strip in half. Count each half of the ITLC silica gel strip for one minute (CPM) with a suitable counting apparatus.
  3. Calculate the percent RCP as follows:
% RCP= CPM bottom half X 100
CPM bottom half+CPM top half

4. Repeat the ITLC procedure if the radiochemical purity is < 95%. If repeat testing confirms that radiochemical purity is < 95%, do not administer the Y-90 Zevalin dose.

Radiation Dosimetry

During clinical trials with Zevalin, estimations of radiation-absorbed doses for Y-90 Zevalin were performed using sequential whole body images and the MIRDOSE 3 software program. The estimated radiation absorbed doses to organs and marrow from a course of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen are summarized in Table 1. Absorbed dose estimates for the lower large intestine, upper large intestine, and small intestine have been modified from the standard MIRDOSE 3 output to account for the assumption that activity is within the intestine wall rather than the intestine contents.

Table 1. Estimated Radiation Absorbed Doses from Y-90 Zevalin

Organ Y-90 Zevalin cGy/mCi
(mGy/MBq)
Median Range
Spleena 34.78 (9.4) 6.66 - 74.00
(1.8-20.0)
Livera 17.76 (4.8) 10.73-29.97
(2.9-8.1)
Lower Large Intestinal Walla 17.39 (4.7) 11.47-30.34
(3.1-8.2)
Upper Large Intestinal Walla 13.32 (3.6) 7.40 - 24.79
(2.0 - 6.7)
Heart Walla 10.73 (2.9) 5.55-11.84
(1.5-3.2)
Lungsa 7.4(2) 4.44 - 12.58
(1.2-3.4)
Testesa 5.55(1.5) 3.70-15.91
(1.0-4.3)
Small Intestinea 5.18(1.4) 2.96 - 7.77
(0.8-2.1)
Red Marrowb 4.81(1.3) 2.22-6.66
(0.6-1.8)
Urinary BladderWallc 3.33 (0.9) 2.59-4.81
(0.7-1.3)
Bone Surfacesb 3.33 (0.9) 1.85-4.44
(0.5-1.2)
Total Bodyc 1.85(0.5) 1.48-2.59
(0.4 - 0.7)
Ovariesc 1.48(0.4) 1.11-1.85
(0.3-0.5)
Uterusc 1.48(0.4) 1.11 -1.85
(0.3 - 0.5)
Adrenalsc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Brainc 1.11 (0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Breastsc 1.11(0.31 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Gallbladder Wallc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2-0.5)
Musclec 1.11 (0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2-0.5)
Pancreasc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Skinc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Stomachc 1.11 (0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Thymusc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2 - 0.5)
Thyroidc 1.11(0.3) 0.74-1.85
(0.2-0.5)
Kidneysa 0.37(0.1) 0.00-1.11
(0.0 - 0.3)
a) Organ region of interest
b) Sacrum region of interest
c) Whole body region of interest

 

How Supplied

Dosage Forms and Strengths

3.2 mg ibritumomab tiuxetan per 2 mL, single-use vial.

A kit is used for preparing Y-90 radiolabeled Zevalin (NDC 68152-103-03). The contents of all vials are sterile, pyrogen-free, contain no preservatives, and are not radioactive. The kit contains four identification labels and the following four vials:

  1. One (1) Zevalin vial containing 3.2 mg ibritumomab tiuxetan in 2 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride as a clear, colorless solution.
  2. One (1) 50 mM Sodium Acetate Vial containing 13.6 mg Sodium Acetate trihydrate in 2 mL Water for Injection, USP as a clear, colorless solution.
  3. One (1) Formulation Buffer Vial containing 750 mg Albumin (Human), 76 mg Sodium Chloride, 28 mg Sodium Phosphate Dibasic Dodecahydrate, 4 mg Pentetic Acid, 2 mg Potassium Phosphate Monobasic and 2 mg Potassium Chloride in 10 mL Water for Injection, pH 7.1 as a clear yellow to amber colored solution.
  4. One (1) empty Reaction Vial.

Yttrium-90 Chloride Sterile Solution is shipped directly from the supplier upon placement of an order for the Y-90 Zevalin kit.

Rituximab (Rituxan®, Biogen Idee and Genentech USA) must be ordered separately.

Storage

Store the kit at 2-8°C (36-46°F). Do not freeze.

Manufactured by: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 157 Technology Drive Irvine, CA 92618.

Side Effects

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:

  • Serious Infusion Reactions [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Prolonged and Severe Cytopenias [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Severe Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous Reactions [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

The most common adverse reactions of Zevalin are cytopenias, fatigue, nasopharyngitis, nausea, abdominal pain, asthenia, cough, diarrhea, and pyrexia.

The most serious adverse reactions of Zevalin are prolonged and severe cytopenias (thrombocytopenia, anemia, lymphopenia, neutropenia) and secondary malignancies.

Because the Zevalin therapeutic regimen includes the use of rituximab, see prescribing information for rituximab.

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The reported safety data reflects exposure to Zevalin in 349 patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade, follicular or transformed NHL across 5 trials (4 single arm and 1 randomized) and in 206 patients with previously untreated follicular NHL in a randomized trial (Study 4) who received any portion of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen. The safety data reflect exposure to Zevalin in 270 patients with relapsed or refractory NHL with platelet counts ≥ 150,000/mm3 who received 0.4 mCi/kg (14.8 MBq/kg) of Y-90 Zevalin (Group 1 in Table 4), 65 patients with relapsed or refractory NHL with platelet counts of 100,000 to 149,000/mm3 who received 0.3 mCi/kg (11.1 MBq/kg) of Y-90 Zevalin (Group 2 in Table 4), and 204 patients with previously untreated NHL with platelet counts > 150,000/mm3 who received 0.4 mCi/kg (14.8 MBq/kg) of Y-90 Zevalin; all patients received a single course of Zevalin.

Table 2 displays selected adverse reaction incidence rates in patients who received any portion of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen (n=206) or no further therapy (n=203) following first-line chemotherapy (Study 4).

Table 2. Per-Patient Incidence (%) of Selecteda Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 5% of Patients with Previously Untreated Follicular NHL Treated with the Zevalin Therapeutic Regimen

  Zevalin (n=206) Observation (n=203)
All Gradesb Gradeb 3-4 All Gradesb Gradeb 3-4
% % % %
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Abdominal pain 17 2 13 < 1
  Diarrhea 11 0 3 0
  Nausea 18 0 2 0
Body as a Whole
  Asthenia 15 1 8 < 1
  Fatigue 33 1 9 0
  Influenza-like illness 8 0 3 0
  Pyrexia 10 3 4 0
Musculoskeletal
  Myalgia 9 o 3 o
Metabolism
  Anorexia 8 o 2 0
Respiratory, Thoracic & Media
  Cough 11 < 1 5 0
  Pharyngolaryngeal pain 7 0 2 0
  Epistaxis 5 2 < 1 0
Nervous System
  Dizziness 7 o 2 0
Vascular
  Hypertension 7 3 2 < 1
Skin & Subcutaneous
  Night sweats 8 0 2 0
  Petechiae 8 2 0 0
  Pruritus 7 0 1 0
  Rash 7 0 < 1 0
Infections & Infestations
  Bronchitis 8 0 3 0
  Nasopharyngitis 19 0 10 0
  Rhinitis 8 0 2 0
  Sinusitis 7 < 1 < 1 0
  Urinary tract infection 7 < 1 3 0
Blood and Lymphatic System
  Thrombocytopenia 62 51 1 0
  Neutropenia 45 41 3 2
  Anemia 22 5 4 0
  Leukopenia 43 36 4 1
  Lymphopenia 26 18 9 5
a) Between-group difference of ≥ 5%
b) NCI CTCAE version 2.0

Table 3 shows hematologic toxicities in 349 Zevalin-treated patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade, follicular or transformed B-cell NHL. Grade 2-4 hematologic toxicity occurred in 86% of Zevalin-treated patients.

Table 3. Per-Patient Incidence (%) of Hematologic Adverse Reactions in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Low-grade, Follicular or Transformed B-cell NHLa (N = 349)

  All Grades
%
Grade 3-4
%
Thrombocytopenia 95 63
Neutropenia 77 60
Anemia 61 17
Ecchymosis 7 < 1
a) Occurring within the 12 weeks following the first rituximab infusion of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen
Prolonged and Severe Cytopenias

Patients in clinical studies were not permitted to receive hematopoietic growth factors beginning 2 weeks prior to administration of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen.

The incidence and duration of severe hematologic toxicity in previously treated NHL patients (N=335) and in previously untreated patients (Study 4) receiving Y-90 Zevalin are shown in Table 4.

Table 4. Severe Hematologic Toxicity in Patients Receiving Zevalin

Baseline Platelet Count Group 1
(n=270)
≥ 150,000/mm3
Group 2
(n=65 )
100,000 to 149,000/mm3
Study 4
(n=204)
≥ 150,000/mm3
Y-90 Zevalin Dose 0.4 mCi/kg
(14.8 MBq/kg)
0.3 mCi/kg
(11.1 MBq/kg)
0.4 mCi/kg
(14.8 MBq/kg)
ANC
  Median nadir (per mm3) 800 600 721
  Per Patient Incidence ANC < 1000/mm3 57% 74% 65%
  Per Patient Incidence ANC < 500/mm3 30% 35% 26%
  Median Duration (Days) ANC < 1000/mm3 22 29 29
  Median Time to Recoveryb 12 13 15
Platelets
  Median nadir (per mm3) 41,000 24,000 42,000
  Per Patient Incidence Platelets < 50,000/mm3 61% 78% 61%
  Per Patient Incidence Platelets < 10,000/mm3 10% 14% 4%
  QMedian Duration (Days)c Platelets < 50,000/mm3 24 35 26
  Median Time to Recoveryb 13 14 14
a) Day from last ANC ≥ 1000/mm3 to first ANC ≥ 1000/mm3 following nadir, censored at next treatment or death
b) Day from nadir to first count at level of Grade 1 toxicity or baseline
c) Day from last platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm3 to day of first platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm3 following nadir, censored at next treatment or death

Cytopenias were more severe and more prolonged among eleven (5%) patients who received Zevalin after first-line fludarabine or a fludarabine-containing chemotherapy regimen as compared to patients receiving non-fludarabine-containing regimens. Among these eleven patients, the median platelet nadir was 13,000/mm3 with a median duration of platelets below 50,000/mm3 of 56 days and the median time for platelet recovery from nadir to Grade 1 toxicity or baseline was 35 days. The median ANC was 355/mm3, with a median duration of ANC below 1,000/mm3 of 37 days and the median time for ANC recovery from nadir to Grade 1 toxicity or baseline was 20 days.

The median time to cytopenia was similar across patients with relapsed/refractory NHL and those completing first-line chemotherapy, with median ANC nadir at 61-62 days, platelet nadir at 49-53 days, and hemoglobin nadir at 68-69 days after Y-90-Zevalin administration.

Information on hematopoietic growth factor use and platelet transfusions is based on 211 patients with relapsed/refractory NHL and 206 patients following first-line chemotherapy. Filgrastim was given to 13% of patients and erythropoietin to 8% with relapsed or refractory disease; 14% of patients receiving Zevalin following first-line chemotherapy received granulocyte-colony stimulating factors and 5% received erythopoiesis-stimulating agents. Platelet transfusions were given to approximately 22% of all Zevalin-treated patients. Red blood cell transfusions were given to 20% of patients with relapsed or refractory NHL and 2% of patients receiving Zevalin following first-line chemotherapy.

Infections

In relapsed or refractory NHL patients, infections occurred in 29% of 349 patients during the first 3 months after initiating the Zevalin therapeutic regimen and 3% developed serious infections (urinary tract infection, febrile neutropenia, sepsis, pneumonia, cellulitis, colitis, diarrhea, osteomyelitis, and upper respiratory tract infection). Life-threatening infections were reported in 2% (sepsis, empyema, pneumonia, febrile neutropenia, fever, and biliary stent-associated cholangitis). From 3 months to 4 years after Zevalin treatment, 6% of patients developed infections; 2% were serious (urinary tract infection, bacterial or viral pneumonia, febrile neutropenia, perihilar infiltrate, pericarditis, and intravenous drug-associated viral hepatitis) and 1% were life-threatening infections (bacterial pneumonia, respiratory disease, and sepsis).

When administered following first-line chemotherapy (Table 2), Grade 3-4 infections occurred in 8% of Zevalin treated patients and in 2% of controls and included neutropenic sepsis (1%), bronchitis, catheter sepsis, diverticulitis, herpes zoster, influenza, lower respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, and upper respiratory tract infection.

Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Among 746 patients with relapsed/refractory NHL, 19 (2.6%) patients developed MDS/AML with a median follow-up of 4.4 years. The overall incidence of MDS/AML among the 211 patients included in the clinical studies was 5.2% (11/211), with a median follow-up of 6.5 years and median time to development of MDS/AML of 2.9 years. The cumulative Kaplan-Meier estimated incidence of MDS/secondary leukemia in this patient population was 2.2% at 2 years and 5.9% at 5 years. The incidence of MDS/AML among the 535 patients in the expanded access programs was 1.5% (8/535) with a median follow-up of 4.4 years and median time to development of MDS/AML of 1.5 years. Multiple cytogenetic abnormalities were described, most commonly involving chromosomes 5 and/or 7. The risk of MDS/AML was not associated with the number of prior treatments (0-1 versus 2-10).

Among 204 patients receiving Y-90-Zevalin following first-line treatment, 2(1%) developed AML at approximately 2 and 3.3 years after Zevalin administration, respectively.

Immunogenicity

As with all therapeutic proteins, there is a potential for immunogenicity. The incidence of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparisons of the incidence of HAMA/HACA to the Zevalin therapeutic regimen with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

KAMA and HACA response data on 446 patients from 8 clinical studies conducted over a 10-year time period are available. Overall, 11/446 (2.5%) had evidence of either KAMA formation (N=8) or HACA formation (N=4). Six of these patients developed HAMA/HACA after treatment with Zevalin and 5 were HAMA/HACA positive at baseline. Of the 6 who were HAMA/HACA positive, only one was positive for both. Furthermore, in 6 of the 11 patients, the HAMA/HACA reverted to negative within 2 weeks to 3 months. No patients had increasing levels of HAMA/HACA at the end of the studies.

Only 6/446 patients (1.3%) had developed evidence of antibody formation after treatment with Zevalin, and of these, many either reverted to negative or decreased over time. This data demonstrates that HAMA/HACA develop infrequently, are typically transient, and do not increase with time.

Post-Marketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen in hematologic malignancies. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Decisions to include these reactions in labeling are typically based on one or more of the following factors: (1) seriousness of the reaction, (2) frequency of reporting, or (3) strength of causal connection to the Zevalin therapeutic regimen.

  • Cutaneous and mucocutaneous reactions: erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, bullous dermatitis, and exfoliative dermatitis [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Infusion site erythema and ulceration following extravasation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Radiation injury in tissues near areas of lymphomatous involvement within a month of Zevalin administration.

Interactions

No formal drug interaction studies have been performed with Zevalin. Patients receiving medications that interfere with platelet function or coagulation should have more frequent laboratory monitoring for thrombocytopenia.

Warnings

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

Precautions

Serious Infusion Reactions

See also prescribing information for rituximab.

Rituximab, alone or as a component of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen, can cause severe, including fatal, infusion reactions. These reactions typically occur during the first rituximab infusion with time to onset of 30 to 120 minutes. Signs and symptoms of severe infusion reactions may include urticaria, hypotension, angioedema, hypoxia, bronchospasm, pulmonary infiltrates, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and cardiogenic shock. Temporarily slow or interrupt the rituximab infusion for less severe infusion reactions. Immediately discontinue rituximab and Y-90 Zevalin administration for severe infusion reactions [see BOXED WARNING and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Prolonged and Severe Cytopenias

Cytopenias with delayed onset and prolonged duration, some complicated by hemorrhage and severe infection, are the most common severe adverse reactions of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen. When used according to recommended doses, the incidences of severe thrombocytopenia and neutropenia are greater in patients with mild baseline thrombocytopenia (100,000 to 149,000 /mm3) compared to those with normal pretreatment platelet counts. Severe cytopenias persisting more than 12 weeks following administration can occur [see BOXED WARNING and ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Do not administer the Zevalin therapeutic regimen to patients with ≥ 25% lymphoma marrow involvement and/or impaired bone marrow reserve. Monitor patients for cytopenias and their complications (e.g., febrile neutropenia, hemorrhage) for up to 3 months after use of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen. Avoid using drugs which interfere with platelet function or coagulation following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen.

Severe Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous Reactions

Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, bullous dermatitis, and exfoliative dermatitis, some fatal, were reported in post-marketing experience. The time to onset of these reactions was variable, ranging from a few days to 4 months after administration of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen. Discontinue the Zevalin therapeutic regimen in patients experiencing a severe cutaneous or mucocutaneous reaction [see BOXED WARNING and ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Altered Biodistribution

In a post-marketing registry designed to collect biodistribution images and other information in reported cases of altered biodistribution, there were 12 (1.3%) patients reported to have altered biodistribution among 953 patients registered.

Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and/or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) were reported in 5.2% (11/211) of patients with relapsed or refractory NHL enrolled in clinical studies and 1.5% (8/535) of patients included in the expanded-access trial, with median follow-up of 6.5 and 4.4 years, respectively. Among the 19 reported cases, the median time to the diagnosis of MDS or AML was 1.9 years following treatment with the Zevalin therapeutic regimen; however, the cumulative incidence continues to increase [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Among 204 patients receiving Y-90 Zevalin following first-line chemotherapy, two patients (1%) were diagnosed with AML within 3 years of receiving Zevalin.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on its radioactivity, Y-90 Zevalin may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If the Zevalin therapeutic regimen is administered during pregnancy, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Advise women of childbearing potential to use adequate contraception for a minimum of twelve months [see Use in Specific Populations, Nonclinical Toxicology, and PATIENT INFORMATION].

Extravasation

Monitor patients closely for evidence of extravasation during Zevalin infusion. Immediately terminate the infusion if signs or symptoms of extravasation occur and restart in another limb [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Immunization

The safety of immunization with live viral vaccines following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen has not been studied. Do not administer live viral vaccines to patients who have recently received Zevalin. The ability to generate an immune response to any vaccine following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen has not been studied.

Laboratory Monitoring

Monitor complete blood counts (CBC) and platelet counts following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen weekly until levels recover or as clinically indicated.

Radionuclide Precautions

During and after radiolabeling Zevalin with Y-90, minimize radiation exposure to patients and to medical personnel, consistent with institutional good radiation safety practices and patient management procedures.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)

The Zevalin therapeutic regimen contains albumin, a derivative of human blood. Based on effective donor screening and product manufacturing processes, Zevalin carries an extremely remote risk for transmission of viral diseases. A theoretical risk for transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) also is considered extremely remote. No cases of transmission of viral diseases or CJD have ever been identified for albumin.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity and mutogenicity studies have not been conducted. However, radiation is a potential carcinogen and mutagen. No animal studies have been performed to determine the effects of Zevalin on fertility in males or females. In clinical studies, the Zevalin therapeutic regimen results in a significant radiation dose to the testes: the radiation dose to the ovaries has not been established [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. There is a potential risk that the Zevalin therapeutic regimen could cause toxic effects on the male and female gonads. Effective contraceptive methods should be used during treatment and for up to 12 months following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use in Specific Populations and PATIENT INFORMATION].

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Category D [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]: Based on its radioactivity, Y-90 Zevalin may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Immunoglobulins are known to cross the placenta. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Animal reproductive toxicology studies of Zevalin have not been conducted.

Advise women of childbearing potential to use adequate contraception for a minimum of twelve months. Inform women who become pregnant while receiving Zevalin of the potential fetal risks[see Nonclinical Toxicology and PATIENT INFORMATION].

Nursing Mothers

Because human IgG is excreted in human milk, it is expected that Zevalin would be present in human milk. Because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants from Y-90 Zevalin, a decision should be made to discontinue nursing or not administer the Zevalin therapeutic regimen, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Zevalin have not been established in pediatric patients.

Geriatric Use

Of 349 patients with relapsed/refractory NHL treated with the Zevalin therapeutic regimen in clinical studies, 38% (132 patients) were age 65 years and over, while 12% (41 patients) were age 75 years and over.

Of 414 patients enrolled in Study 4 (Zevalin following first-line chemotherapy) 206 patients received Zevalin. Of these patients 14% (29 patients) were 65 years and over, while 2% (4 patients) were 75 years and older. In the control arm, 10% (21 patients) were 65 years or over and 0% (0 patients) were 75 years or older.

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

OverDose

Severe cytopenias which may require stem cell support have occurred at doses higher than the recommended maximum total dose of 32 mCi (1184 MBq).

ContrainDications

None.

Clinical Pharamacology

Mechanism of Action

Ibritumomab tiuxetan binds specifically to the CD20 antigen (human B-lymphocyte-restricted differentiation antigen, Bp35). The apparent affinity (KD) of ibritumomab tiuxetan for the CD20 antigen ranges between approximately 14 to 18 nM. The CD20 antigen is expressed on pre-B and mature B lymphocytes and on > 90% of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). The CD20 antigen is not shed from the cell surface and does not internalize upon antibody binding.

The chelate tiuxetan, which tightly binds Y-90, is covalently linked to ibritumomab. The beta emission from Y-90 induces cellular damage by the formation of free radicals in the target and neighboring cells.

Ibritumomab tiuxetan binding was observed in vitro on lymphoid cells of the bone marrow, lymph node, thymus, red and white pulp of the spleen, and lymphoid follicles of the tonsil, as well as lymphoid nodules of other organs such as the large and small intestines.

Pharmacodynamics

In clinical studies, administration of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen resulted in sustained depletion of circulating B cells. At four weeks, the median number of circulating B cells was zero (range, 0-1084/mm3). B-cell recovery began at approximately 12 weeks following treatment, and the median level of B cells was within the normal range (32 to 341/mm3) by 9 months after treatment. Median serum levels of IgG and IgA remained within the normal range throughout the period of B-cell depletion. Median IgM serum levels dropped below normal (median 49 mg/dL, range 13-3990 mg/dL) after treatment and recovered to normal values by 6-months post therapy.

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetic and biodistribution studies were performed using In-111 Zevalin (5 mCi [185 MBq] In-111, 1.6 mg ibritumomab tiuxetan). In an early study designed to assess the need for pre-administration of unlabeled antibody, only 18% of known sites of disease were imaged when In-111 Zevalin was administered without unlabeled ibritumomab. When preceded by unlabeled ibritumomab (1.0 mg/kg or 2.5 mg/kg), In-111 Zevalin detected 56% and 92% of known disease sites, respectively. These studies were conducted with a Zevalin therapeutic regimen that included unlabeled ibritumomab.

In pharmacokinetic studies of patients receiving the Zevalin therapeutic regimen, the mean effective half-life for Y-90 activity in blood was 30 hours, and the mean area under the fraction of injected activity (FIA) vs. time curve in blood was 39 hours. Over 7 days, a median of 7.2% of the injected activity was excreted in urine.

Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Animal reproductive toxicology studies of the Zevalin therapeutic regimen have not been conducted. Because the Zevalin therapeutic regimen includes the use of rituximab, also see prescribing information for rituximab.

Clinical Studies

Relapsed or Refractory, Low-grade or Follicular Lymphoma

Study 1 was a single arm study of 54 patients with relapsed follicular lymphoma, who were refractory to rituximab treatment. Patients had a World Health Organization (WHO) Performance Status (PS) 0-2, < 25% bone marrow involvement by NHL, no prior bone marrow transplantation, and acceptable hematologic, renal, and hepatic function. Refractoriness to rituximab was defined as failure to achieve a complete or partial response or time-to-disease-progression (TTP) of < 6 months. The main efficacy outcome measure of the study was the overall response rate (ORR) using the International Workshop Response Criteria (rWRC). Other efficacy outcome measures included time-to-disease-progression (TTP) and duration of response (DR). Table 7 summarizes efficacy data from Study 1.

Study 2 was a randomized (1:1), open-label, multicenter study comparing the Zevalin therapeutic regimen with rituximab. The trial was conducted in 130 patients with relapsed or refractory low-grade or follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL); no patient had received prior rituximab. Patients had histologically confirmed NHL requiring therapy, a WHO PS 0-2, < 25% bone marrow involvement by NHL, no prior bone marrow transplantation, and acceptable hematologic function. Sixty-four patients received the Zevalin therapeutic regimen, and 66 patients received rituximab given as an IV infusion at 375 mg per m2 weekly times 4 doses. The main efficacy outcome measure of the study was ORR using the IWRC. The ORR was significantly higher for patients receiving the Zevalin therapeutic regimen (83% vs. 55%, p < 0.001). Time-to-disease-progression was not significantly different between study arms. Table 7 summarizes efficacy data from Study 2.

Table 7. Summary of Efficacy Dataa

  Study 1 Study 2
Zevalin
therapeutic
regimen
N = 54
Zevalin
therapeutic
regimen
N = 64
Rituximab
N = 66
Overall Response Rate (%) 74 83 55
Complete Response Rateb (%) 15 38 18
Median DRc,d 6.4 14.3 11.5
(Months) [Rangee] [0.5-49.9+] [1.8-47.6+] [1.2-49.7+]
Median TTPc,f (Months)
[Rangee]
6.8 [1.1-50.9+] 12.1 [2.1-49.0+] 10.1[0.7-51.3+]
a) IWRC: International Workshop Response Criteria
b) CRu and CR: Unconfirmed and confirm complete response
c) Estimated with observed range
d) Duration of response: interval from the onset of response to disease progression
e) "+" indicates an ongoing response
f) Time to Disease Progression: interval from the first infusion to disease progression

Study 3 was a single arm study of 30 patients of whom 27 had relapsed or refractory low-grade, follicular NHL and a platelet count 100,000 to 149,000/mm3. Patients with ≥ 25% lymphomatous marrow involvement, prior myeloablative therapy with stem cell support, prior external beam radiation to > 25% of active marrow or neutrophil count < 1,500/mm3 were ineligible for Study 3. All patients received Y-90 Zevalin [0.3 mCi per kg (11.1 MBq per kg)]. Objective, durable clinical responses were observed [89% ORR (95% CI: 70-97%) with a median duration of response of 11.6 months (range: 1.0-42.4+months)].

Follicular, B-Cell NHL Upon Completion of First-Line Chemotherapy

Study 4 was a multi-center, randomized, open-label study conducted in patients with follicular NHL with a partial (PR) or complete response (CR/CRu) upon completion of first-line chemotherapy. Randomization was stratified by center and response to first-line therapy (CR or PR). Key eligibility criteria were < 25% bone marrow involvement, no prior external beam radiation or myeloablative therapy, and recovery of platelets to normal levels. Patients were randomized to receive Zevalin (n=208) or no further therapy (n=206). Y-90 Zevalin was administered at least 6 weeks but no more than 12 weeks following the last dose of chemotherapy. The main efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS) assessed by study investigators using the International Workshop to Standardize Response Criteria for nqn-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (1999).

Among the 414 patients, 49% were male, 99% were Caucasian, 12% were ≥ 65 years old, 83% had a WHO performance status of 0, and 65% had Stage IV disease. Thirty-nine (9.5%) patients received single agent chlorambucil, 22 (5%) patients received fludarabine or a fludarabine-containing regimen, 294 (71%) patients received cyclophosphamide-containing combination chemotherapy [CHOP (31%); CHOP-like (15%); CVP/COP (26%)] and 59 (14%) patients received rituximab-containing combination chemotherapy as first-line treatment.

Progression-free survival was significantly prolonged among Zevalin-treated patients compared to those receiving no further treatment [median PFS 38 months vs. 18 months; HR 0.46 (95% CI: 0.35, 0.60) p < 0.0001 Cox model stratified by response to first-line therapy and initial treatment strategy (immediate vs. watch-and-wait)]. The number of patients who died was too small to permit a reliable comparison on survival.

The results for PFS are presented in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Study 4: Kaplan-Meier Estimator for Investigator-Assessed Progression Free Survival Time

Kaplan-Meier Estimator for Investigator-Assessed Progression Free Survival Time - Illustration

 

Patient Information

Advise patients:

  • To contact a healthcare professional for severe signs and symptoms of infusion reactions. ,
  • To take premedications as prescribed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • To report any signs or symptoms of cytopenias (bleeding, easy bruising, petechiae or purpura, pallor, weakness or fatigue) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • To avoid medications that interfere with platelet function, except as directed by a healthcare professional [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • To seek prompt medical evaluation for diffuse rash, bullae, or desquamation of the skin or oral mucosa [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • To immediately report symptoms of infection (e.g. pyrexia) [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
  • That immunization with live viral vaccines is not recommended for 12 months following the Zevalin therapeutic regimen [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • To use effective contraceptive methods during treatment and for a minimum of 12 months following Zevalin therapy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS], Use in Specific Populations and Nonclinical Toxicology].
  • To discontinue nursing during and after Zevalin treatment [see Use In Special Populations].

Consumer Overview Uses

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

 

IBRITUMOMAB TIUXETAN - INJECTION

 

(EYE-bri-TOOM-oh-mab tye-UX-e-tan)

 

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Zevalin

 

WARNING: Rituximab, a medication that is used along with ibritumomab tiuxetan, may infrequently cause serious (sometimes fatal) side effects, including severe breathing problems (e.g., hypoxia, pulmonary infiltrates, acute respiratory distress syndrome) or heart problems (e.g., heart attack, irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure). These effects usually occur within 30 minutes to 2 hours of receiving rituximab. The risk of these effects is greater during your first treatment. Seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following signs: trouble breathing (e.g., shortness of breath, wheezing), itching, swelling (especially of the throat/lips), severe dizziness, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, chest pain.

This medication may cause very serious blood disorders (decreased bone marrow function leading to low number of blood cells such as red cells, white cells, and platelets). This effect can cause anemia, decrease your body's ability to fight an infection, or cause your body to bruise or bleed more easily. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop any of the following symptoms: signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), easy bruising/bleeding, unusual tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat.

Rarely, serious (sometimes fatal) skin reactions (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome) have occurred in patients receiving this treatment program. These reactions can occur during treatment or days to months after treatment is finished. Seek immediate medical attention if you develop a rash or pain/swelling of the mouth/tongue/throat/eyes. If you have previously had a severe skin reaction due to ibritumomab tiuxetan or the other medication(s) used in the treatment program (e.g., rituximab, yttrium), do not start this treatment program again. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

 

USES: This medication is combined with a certain radioactive substance (Yttrium-90) and used along with rituximab to treat a certain type of cancer (B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) in patients whose cancer has returned or has not responded to other treatments. Ibritumomab tiuxetan and rituximab are known as monoclonal antibodies. They work by killing certain blood and cancer cells from your immune system (B cells). Yttrium-90 helps kill the cancer cells.

 

HOW TO USE: This medication is given by injection into a vein by a health care professional. The dosage is based on your medical condition, weight, and response to treatment.

Consumer Overview Side Effect

SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal/stomach pain, cough, dizziness, headache, flushing, or loss of appetite may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

People using this medication may have serious side effects. However, your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Careful monitoring by your doctor may decrease your risk.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: pain/swelling at injection site, swelling ankles/feet, mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety), black stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, vaginal bleeding.

Get medical help right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: weakness on one side of the body, vision problems, confusion, slurred speech.

This medication is made from human blood. Even though donors are carefully screened and this medication goes through a special manufacturing process, there is a very small chance that you may get infections from the medication (e.g., viruses). Tell the doctor immediately if you develop any signs of infection, including fever or persistent sore throat.

This medication has infrequently caused other types of cancer (including myelodysplastic syndrome-MDS, acute myelogenous leukemia-AML). This condition can lead to very serious blood disorders. See also Warning section for symptoms.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

 

Read the Zevalin (ibritumomab tiuxetan) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

PRECAUTIONS: Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to mouse proteins; or to other medications in the treatment plan (rituximab, Yttrium-90); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bone marrow disorders (e.g., neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), recent/current infections.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication.

Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor, and avoid contact with people who have recently received oral polio vaccine or flu vaccine inhaled through the nose.

Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infections.

To lower your risk of getting cut, bruised, or injured, use caution with sharp objects like razors and nail cutters, and avoid activities such as contact sports.

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. Therefore, it is important to prevent pregnancy while using this medication. Consult your doctor for more details and to discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control (such as condoms, birth control pills) while using this medication and for 12 months afterwards. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor immediately.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Because of the possible risk to the infant, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Consumer Overview Missed Dose

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: drugs that affect the immune system (e.g., azathioprine, cyclosporine, corticosteroids such as prednisone), drugs that can cause bleeding/bruising (e.g., "blood thinners" such as warfarin/heparin, anti-platelet drugs including NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/aspirin).

Low-dose aspirin should be continued if prescribed by your doctor for specific medical reasons such as heart attack or stroke prevention (usually at dosages of 81-325 milligrams per day). Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

 

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), easy bruising/bleeding, unusual tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat.

 

NOTES: Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood count, platelets, blood pressure) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

 

MISSED DOSE: For the best possible benefit, it is important to receive each scheduled dose of this medication as directed. If you miss a dose, contact your doctor to establish a new dosing schedule.

 

STORAGE: Not applicable. This medication is given in a clinic and will not be stored at home.

 

MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-888-633-4298 (US) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

 

Information last revised December 2014. Copyright(c) 2014 First Databank, Inc.

Patient Detailed Side Effect

Brand Names: In-111 Zevalin, Y-90 Zevalin

Generic Name: ibritumomab (Pronunciation: ib ri TYOO mo mab)

  • What is ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • What are the possible side effects of ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • How is ibritumomab given (Zevalin)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Zevalin)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Zevalin)?
  • What should I avoid while receiving ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • What other drugs will affect ibritumomab (Zevalin)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

Ibritumomab is a protein that targets white blood cells in the body. When ibritumomab is attached to a radioactive chemical, the radiation is delivered directly to the tumor (lymphoma).

Ibritumomab is used in combination with other medicines to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Ibritumomab may also be used for purposes than those listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

Some people receiving an ibritumomab injection have had a reaction to the infusion (when the medicine is injected into the vein). Tell your caregiver right away if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, sweaty, itchy, or have a fast heartbeat, trouble breathing, chest pain or heavy feeling, or pain spreading to the arm or shoulder. These reactions can occur during the injection or within 24 hours afterward.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • pain, burning, redness, or skin changes where the medicine was injected;
  • fever with chills, body aches, and other flu symptoms;
  • easy bruising or bleeding, unusual weakness;
  • white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips; or
  • severe skin reaction -- fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite;
  • anxiety;
  • dizziness; or
  • joint pain.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Zevalin (ibritumomab tiuxetan) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

Learn More »

What is the most important information I should know about ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

Do not receive this medication if you are pregnant. It could cause harm to the unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.

Ibritumomab can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections. Your blood may need to be tested often. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Avoid activities that may increase your risk of bleeding injury. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while you are being treated with ibritumomab, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you.

Some people receiving ibritumomab have developed "secondary" bone marrow or blood cell cancers such as leukemia. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk while receiving this medication.

Patient Detailed How Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

You should not receive this medication if you are allergic to ibritumomab, or to radioactive chemicals or mouse proteins.

To make sure you can safely take ibritumomab, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • any type of infection;
  • lung or breathing problems;
  • bleeding or blood clotting problems;
  • low platelet counts;
  • low blood pressure; or
  • a history of heart disease, heart attack, angina (chest pain), or irregular heart beats.

Some people receiving ibritumomab have developed "secondary" bone marrow or blood cell cancers such as leukemia. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk while receiving this medication.

Ibritumomab is made from human plasma (part of the blood) which may contain viruses and other infectious agents. Donated plasma is tested and treated to reduce the risk of it containing infectious agents, but there is still a small possibility it could transmit disease. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of using this medication.

FDA pregnancy category D. Do not use ibritumomab if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether ibritumomab passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not receive ibritumomab without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How is ibritumomab given (Zevalin)?

Ibritumomab is used in combination with rituximab (Rituxan) and a radioactive chemical. Ibritumomab is injected into a vein through an IV. You will receive this injection in a clinic or hospital setting.

Ibritumomab is usually given every 7 to 9 days. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Ibritumomab can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections. This can make it easier for you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others who are ill. Your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.

Patient Detailed Avoid Taking

What happens if I miss a dose (Zevalin)?

Call your doctor for instructions if you miss an appointment for your ibritumomab injection.

What happens if I overdose (Zevalin)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include weakness, pale skin, and easy bruising or bleeding.

What should I avoid while receiving ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using ibritumomab, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), oral polio, rotavirus, smallpox, typhoid, yellow fever, varicella (chickenpox), H1N1 influenza, and nasal flu vaccine.

What other drugs will affect ibritumomab (Zevalin)?

Before receiving ibritumomab, tell your doctor if you are using any type of blood thinner or medication used to prevent blood clots, such as:

  • abciximab (ReoPro)
  • alteplase (Activase);
  • anagrelide (Agrylin);
  • argatroban (Acova);
  • aspirin;
  • bivalirudin (Angiomax)
  • cilostazol (Pletal);
  • clopidogrel (Plavix);
  • dabigatran (Pradaxa);
  • dalteparin (Fragmin);
  • dipyridamole (Persantine, Aggrenox);
  • enoxaparin (Lovenox)
  • eptifibatide (Integrelin);
  • fondaparinux (Arixtra);
  • lepirudin (Refludan);
  • prasugrel (Effient);
  • rivaroxaban (Xarelto);
  • tenecteplase (TNKase);
  • ticlopidine (Ticlid);
  • tinzaparin (Innohep);
  • tirofiban (Aggrastat);
  • urokinase (Abbokinase); or
  • warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with ibritumomab. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about ibritumomab.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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